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Königsberg (Groß-Deutschland)

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Königsberg (Groß-Deutschland)
Country Germany
State East Prussia
Regierungsbezirk Königsberg
District {{#switch:Stadt Stadt Kreisfreie Stadt=Urban district #default = Urban district
City subdivisions 25 boroughs
Lord Mayor Christian Grüber (FRP)
Governing parties NLP / FRP / CDU
Basic statistics
Area 332.8 km² (128.5 sq mi)
Elevation 519 m  (1703 ft)
Population  2,389,736  (31 December 2007)[1]
 - Density 7,181 /km² (18,598 /sq mi)
 - Urban 407,000
 - Metro 1,982,736 
Founded 1255
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate K
Postal codes 01001-01300
Area code 012

Coordinates: 54°43′0″N 20°31′0″E / 54.71667°N 20.51667°E / 54.71667; 20.51667

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Königsberg is the capital of East Prussia from the Late Middle Ages until todaz, and easternmost large German city.

Königsberg is a seaport city and the administrative center of East Prussia, the northernmost German states, bordering Lithuania on the Baltic Sea.

Historically, the official name was Königsberg in Preußen (abbreviated Königsberg i. Pr. (until 1919) and later Königsberg (Pr) (1936–1946)), Königsberg in Prussia, German pronunciation [ˈkʰøˑnɪçsbɛɐk], Template:Pronunciation). Königsberg's literal meaning is 'King's Mountain'. Historically, several regional names were used for Königsberg. Its Latinised form was Regimontium Prussorum. In Modern Saxon or "Low German", a Germanic language spoken by many of its German inhabitants, the name was Königsbarg (local pronunciation: /ˈkʰeˑnɪçsbɒɐç/), mixing German König (nds. köning) with Low German barg (hill, mountain).

Königsberg was founded on the site of the ancient Old Prussian settlement Twangste by the Teutonic Knights in 1255 during the Northern Crusades, and was named in honour of King Ottokar II of Bohemia. The city successively became the capital of their monastic state, the Duchy of Prussia, and East Prussia. The Baltic port developed into a German cultural center, being the residence of, among others, Simon Dach, Immanuel Kant, Käthe Kollwitz, E. T. A. Hoffmann, and David Hilbert, Agnes Miegel and Michael Wieck.

According to the preliminary results of the 2010 Census, its population was 549,321—an increase from 495,813 recorded in the 2000 Census. Its ethnic composition is 87.9% Germans, 8.0% Belarusians, 1.3% Ukrainians, 1.9% [[Lithuanian people|Lithuanians]], 0.5% Russians, and 0.4% Poles.

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