His Excellency
Justo Rufino Barrios
Official portrait of Justo Rufino Barrios
Official portrait of Justo Rufino Barrios
President of Guatemala
In office
Sept. 12, 1863 – Apr. 8, 1866
Preceded by Rafael Carrera
Succeeded by Abolished
President of United Confederation of Central America
In office
Apr. 8, 1866 – Present
Personal details
Born July 19, 1835(1835-07-19)
San Marcos, Guatemala
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) Francisca Aparicio
Residence Guatemala City
Profession Lawyer

Justo Rufino Barrios (July 19, 1835, in San Marcos, Guatemala) was the President of Guatemala from 1863 to 1866 when he became the President of United Confederation of Central America and is known for his liberal reforms and his determination for the modernization of Central America as a whole.

Early life

Barrios was known from his youth for his intellect and energy, went to Guatemala City to study law, and became a lawyer in 1860.

As President of Guatemala

Barrios assumed office Sept. 12, 1863 after a coup occurred through the invasion of military forces of El Salvador after the death of conservative president Rafael Carrera. He was appointed by then President of El Salvador, Gerardo Barrios. Barrios's first action as President of Guatemala was to begin the drafting of the first ever Guatemalan constitution. President Barrios has also put much of his energy and Guatemalan resources in the revitalization of Guatemalan infrastructure, and the renovation of the capital (Guatemala City). He also severed most of the Catholic Church's control over the citizens of Guatemala and the country as a whole, through the ending of the Church's control of education and censorship of publications. Because of Barrios's secular stances, he has the support of the majority of native Central Americans as he strives for equal rights for all.

As President of UCCA

Barrios became President of United Confederation of Central America on the 8th of April 1866.