Judea was a Jewish state formed as part of the Mutiny of Tribes. It was originally a small, prosperous kingdom until it was destroyed by Rome in 70 CE. Since regaining independence, it has greatly expanded, now controlling nearly all of the Arabian peninsula and Mesopotamia. Judea was almost constantly under attack from China, Arabia, and Egypt, but it had a strong army that provides for its safety.
Despite this, Judea fell in 1500, and was annexed by Arabia.