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Joseph I of Spain (Napoleonic Age)

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Joseph I
Joseph Bonaparte.PNG
King Joseph On the Throne, 1808
King of Spain and the Indies
Reign 6 June 1808 – 11 December 1813 & 20 October 1815 – 28 July 1844 (34 years, 3 months, 13 days)
Coronation 7 February 1816
Predecessor Ferdinand VII (as the last Bourbon)
Successor Joseph II
Spouse Julie Clary
Issue Joseph II, King of Spain
Princess Zénaïde
Princess Charlotte
Prince Lucius
Full name
Giuseppe Buonaparte
House Bonaparte
Father Carlo Buonaparte
Mother Letizia Ramolino
Born 7 January 1768
Corte, Haute-Corse, Corsica, Kingdom of France
Died 28 July 1844 (aged 76)
Burial 11 September 1840
Religion Roman Catholic

Joseph I (born Giuseppe Buonaparte; 7 January 1768 – 28 July 1844) was King of Spain from 1808 to 1813, and again following a restoration from 1815 to his death in 1844. The elder brother of Napoléon I, the Emperor of the French, Joseph was put on the Spanish throne following Napoléon's invasion of Spain and the deposition of the reigning Bourbon king, Charles IV. Joseph was the first Bonaparte ruler of Spain, which remained on the throne of the country into the 20th century. He is credited with instituting a series of wide-reaching reforms regarding the government, bureaucracy, economy, and military, and has been called both "the Reformer" and even "the Great" by various sources, though these epithets are not universally acknowledged.


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