FANDOM


John McCain
John McCain official portrait 2009.jpg
44rd President of the United States
In office
January 20, 2009 – January 20, 2013
Vice President Colin Powell
Preceded by Charles Malcolm Edwards
Succeeded by Barack Obama
46th Vice President of the United States
In office
January 20, 2001 – January 20, 2009
Preceded by Al Gore
Succeeded by Joe Biden
Senior Senator from Arizona
Incumbent
Assumed office
February 3rd, 2013
Preceded by Barry Goldwater
Succeeded by J.D. Hayworth
Personal details
Born John Sidney McCain III
August 29, 1936 (1936-08-29) (age 82)
Coco Solo Naval Air Station, Panama Canal Zone, Panama
Died August 25, 2018
Cornville, Arizona
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Carol Shepp (m. 1965, div. 1980)
Cindy Lou Hensley (m. 1980)
Children Seven - including Meghan
Alma mater United States Naval Academy (BS)
Religion )
AI2000

Part of
An Independent in 2000

People
Charles Malcolm Edwards
John McCain
Barack Obama
Elections
2000 US Presidential Election
2004 US Presidential Election
2008 US Presidential Election
Geopolitics and War
September 11 attacks
List of Nations
Organizations
War on Jihadism
Timeline

John Sidney McCain III (August 29, 1936 – August 25, 2018) is an American statesmen who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009, to January 20, 2013. Prior to assuming the presidency, McCain served as the 47th Vice President of the United States from 2001 to 2009. A member of the Republican Party, he had previously been a Senator and a member of the US House of Representatives from Arizona.

As president from 2009 to 2013, his domestic programs were overshadowed by the onset of the Great Recession. McCain was defeated in a landslide election in 2012 by Democrat Barack Obama. After this loss, McCain became staunchly conservative, and advocated against Obama's Recovery policies.

The 2000 Compromise

With the election going only so far in Edwards' favor, the Independent candidate for president makes a historic promise to take members of both parties and add them into his cabinet. The most notable of which is his Running Mate John McCain. McCain is widely credited to be the key factor in Edwards' victory, acting as a bridge between two ideologies. The Compromise continues when Edwards asks' Al Gore, whose candidacy is almost certainly doomed, to head up a more powerful position as Secretary of the Environment. Gore agrees, and Edwards wins his Unity ticket with a respectable plurality.

Presidency (2009-2013)

Shortly after taking office McCain signed the US Insular Areas Organic Act of 2009, a law proposed by Congress and shepherded by McCain while he was still Vice President, that reorganized the non-state territories of the United States.

Great Recession

On taking office, McCain set out to deregulate the economy and move the US away from the wartime fiscal policies of his predecessor. With the economy continuing to grow and the fruits of the Space Act of 2007 having lead to the Space Boom, many shared McCain's optimism, and the already bullish stock market climbed even higher on McCain's accession. One noteworthy piece of legislation that was introduced during the campaign in 2008 and passed shortly after McCain took office was the American Dream Downp Payment Act. The so-called American Dream Initiative had been a congressional Republican policy goal since 2001, but during the Edwards administration had only been adopted by piecemeal legislation to strengthen the housing market. The 2009 ADDA took the Initiative's steps further than ever, providing more assistance to encourage home-ownership. This act is often seen as the primary causes of the Great Recession.

McCain's first 18 months in office saw record economic growth, and many felt this all but guaranteed that the Republicans would easily hold their majority in the House and Senate in the 2010 midterms. On October 1, 2010 the US stock market collapsed, and the worldwide economy began to spiral downward into the Great Recession. McCain's popularity took a major hit when he stated, "the fundamentals of our economy are strong," shortly after the crisis. With Republican chances to hold Congress slipping, McCain organized the Troubled Assets Relief Program to bailout major financial institutions, and have the government take over defaulted home-loans to save the housing market.

Foreign relations

Iraq

US relations with Iraq began to deteriorate under President McCain. Saddam had used US military aid to fight the Jihadist presence in his own country to carry out a political purge of several of his rivals who's connections to Jihadism were questionable. By 2010 the US had cut off military aid to Iraq as tensions between it and Iran continued to grow. Iraq proved to be a sore point for US-European relations, who still relied on Iraqi oil sources.

Russia

Russian relations had begun to deteriorate during the end of the Edwards administration. The US and Russia had seen a unprecedented level of cooperation in the Jihadist war, with Russian and American intelligence services providing information on the movement of known Jihadist groups and conducting joint operations with NATO in the Caucasus against Jihadists. However, in 2008 relations, soured when Russia invaded Georgia, claiming that the country was harboring Chechnyan Jihadists. Russia pulled back from Georgia by the fall of that year, but by 2009 the Russians reasserted their presence in Georgia. President McCain continued the early phases of the Second Cold War through technology transfer programs and military aid to Poland, Hungary and Romania. By 2012, Russia had successfully tested a hypersonic missile of own and the National Reconnaissance Office was observing unusual activity from supposed Russian GPS satellites.