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|John M. Butler|
|2nd Director of the Internal Investigative Services|
January 3, 1961
May 2, 1972
|Preceded by:||John Hoover|
|Succeeded by:||position abolished|
|35th President of the United States|
April 5, 1959
January 3, 1961
|Preceded by:||Douglas MacArthur|
|Succeeded by:||John Hoover|
|37th Vice President of the United States|
May 4, 1957 – April 5, 1959
|Preceded by:||Joseph McCarthy|
|Succeeded by:||Richard Nixon|
|United States Senator from Maryland|
January 3, 1951 – April 4, 1957
|Preceded by:||Millard Tydings|
|Succeeded by:||Daniel Brewster|
|Born:||July 21, 1897|
|Died:||May 2, 1972 (aged 74)|
|Birth name:||John Marshall Butler|
|Alma mater:||Johns Hopkins University|
University of Maryland Law School
John Marshall Butler (July 21, 1897 – May 2, 1972) was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 2nd and last Director of the Internal Investigative Services, the 35th President of the United States, the 37th Vice President of the United States, and a Senator from Maryland.
Butler ascended to the presidency by virtue of being MacArthur's vice president upon his death, and vacated the office two years later, upon the election of John Hoover. A high-ranking and influential party luminary during the period of rule by the Republican Party, Butler was given the post of Director of the Internal Investigative Services in return for stepping aside and ceding the presidency to Hoover. Butler served in this capacity for eleven years, overseeing the domestic secret police tactics throughout the increasingly turbulent 1960s. Butler was one of those killed on Black Tuesday, May 2, 1972.