John M. Butler
2nd Director of the Internal Investigative Services
Assumed office:
January 3, 1961
Left office:
May 2, 1972
President: John Hoover
Preceded by: John Hoover
Succeeded by: position abolished
35th President of the United States
Assumed office:
April 5, 1959
Left office:
January 3, 1961
Vice President: none
Preceded by: Douglas MacArthur
Succeeded by: John Hoover
37th Vice President of the United States
In office:
May 4, 1957 – April 5, 1959
Preceded by: Joseph McCarthy
Succeeded by: Richard Nixon
United States Senator from Maryland
In office:
January 3, 1951 – April 4, 1957
Preceded by: Millard Tydings
Succeeded by: Daniel Brewster
Born: July 21, 1897

Baltimore, Maryland

Died: May 2, 1972 (aged 74)

Washington, DC

Birth name: John Marshall Butler
Political party: Republican
Alma mater: Johns Hopkins University
University of Maryland Law School

John Marshall Butler (July 21, 1897 – May 2, 1972) was an American politician and lawyer who served as the 2nd and last Director of the Internal Investigative Services, the 35th President of the United States, the 37th Vice President of the United States, and a Senator from Maryland.

Butler ascended to the presidency by virtue of being MacArthur's vice president upon his death, and vacated the office two years later, upon the election of John Hoover. A high-ranking and influential party luminary during the period of rule by the Republican Party, Butler was given the post of Director of the Internal Investigative Services in return for stepping aside and ceding the presidency to Hoover. Butler served in this capacity for eleven years, overseeing the domestic secret police tactics throughout the increasingly turbulent 1960s. Butler was one of those killed on Black Tuesday, May 2, 1972.

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