John Howard
John Howard.jpg
Prime Minister of Australia
In office:

March 1, 1994 - July 26, 2004

Preceded by: Paul Keating
Succeded by: Peter Costello
President of Australia
In office:

June 10, 2005 - June 10, 2009

Preceded by: Andrew Peacock
Succeded by:
Leader of the National Party

In office:

November 14, 1985 - July 26, 2004

Preceded by: Andrew Peacock
Succeded by: Peter Costello

Member of Parliament for Bennelong

In office:

September 9, 1964 - July 26, 2004

Preceded by:
Succeeded by:

July 26 1939, Earlwood, New South Wales, Australia

Birth name: John Robert Howard
Nationality: Australian
Political party: National
Spouse: Janette Howard

Melanie, Tim, Richard

Alma mater: University of Sydney
Occupation: Politician
Religion: Anglican

Early Life

John Robert Howard was born on July 26 1939 in Earlwood, New South Wales, to Mona and Lyall Howard. Lyall ran a petrol station, and was a strong supporter of the National Party, and its leader, Robert Menzies, giving Howard his middle name.

Howard was a good student, despite hearing problems and a speech impediment, and in 1960 he graduated from Sydney University with a degree in Law.

Howard had hoped to go into the legal profession, but his poor hearing made it difficult for him to perform well in a courtroom.

Early Political Career

Howard had joined the Young Nationals - the youth wing of the National Party- in 1954, and in 1959 he joined the Party itself.

Upon graduating he was hired by the prospective National Candidate for Parkes, Tom Hughes, to run his campaign in the 1961 federal election. The seat had been held by Labor since 1929, and even Hughes doubted his electability. But to everyone's amazement Hughes was elected, and Howard gained most of the credit.

Shortly after the election he was hired by the Attorney General, Garfield Barwick, as a personal private secretary.

But within a year Howard had had enough of the job, and was selected as the National Party candidate for the seat of Hughes in the 1962 election. He did not win the seat, but was able to half the majority of the Labor incumbent.

Following his defeat Howard was elected to the National Party Federal Committee, becoming a senior advisor by 1963.

In 1964 he was selected for the safe National Party Seat of Bennelong, replacing the retireing MP. He was elected, increasing the Nationalist's majority.

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