John C. Fremont (1813-1890) was the 17th President of the United States. He was elected at the 1864 United States election, defeating incumbent Lincoln. Inheriting a nation fractured by the stalemate in the War Between The States, Fremont lead the United States for only four years, but during a war stained in blood. Fremont died in retirement in 1890 at age 77.
John C. Fremont was appointed by President James K. Polk as governor of California in 1847. Despite holding that title for less than two months time, he worked tirelessly to ensure California's integrity. He was replaced in 1847 by Stephen Kearney. Fremont left and roamed for some time, founding the city of Fremont, California. He was appointed Senator of California in 1850, and remained so until 1851. Having finished his tenure, he left California for the East, to enter politics more often.
Civil War Opposition (1861-1864)
While initially supportive of the war to restore order to the South, he became disillusioned after the 1862 burning of Washington D.C, and immediately began to angrily denounce President Lincoln. Joining the Democratic Party in 1862, he quickly escalated to a head in the party, with rumors of him being chosen of the 1864 Democratic candidate. In 1864, the Democratic Convention in Chicago, Illinois chose Fremont as potential leader.
President of the United States (1865-1869)
Entering office at the closing days of the War Between The States, Fremont arbitrated the peace deal in Boston, Massachusetts between the warring powers. After the Treaty of Boston, Fremont instituted new laws to regulate the transition of power to Philadelphia and balancing the future Congress to fit both Canadian and Union states. He also sent off the Asian Expedition under Perry, which lasted until the end of his term. Same, in 1867, near the end of his term as President, Congress reconvened for the first time in Philadelphia. In the 1868 election, he lost narrowly to Ulysseus S. Grant. Conceding defeat, Fremont retired to New York City.
After his retirement, Fremont became an activist for suffragette movements, as well as negro movements, to establish true universal enfranchisement for the United States' living humans. However, he stated that this would not apply to African tribesmen, who existed outside the United States' homeland. He survived an assassination attempt in 1871, and later became Ambassador to the German Empire in 1875. Retiring from that job in 1889, with his health deteriorating, he returned to New York and died there in 1890.