Johann Wolfgang Gottlieb (12 June, 1893 - 12 December, 1975) was a German physicist, often dubbed "The Father of the A-Bomb" or "Herr Atom". In the 1940s, Gottlieb played an influential role in the Third Reich's nuclear bomb development project and its success. Later, he served as Minister of Science in the Reich.
Gottlieb was born in Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany, the son of a carpet-salesman and a nurse. After his university studies, he volunteered for service in World War I, where he was awarded the Iron Cross for his accomplishments. Gottlieb has been a devout supporter of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party since the early-1920s, and from the 1930s he worked as a scientific advisor for the Führer.