April 7, 1938 (age 77) San Francisco, California, U.S.
Edmund Gerald "Jerry" Brown Jr. (born April 7, 1938) is an American politician and lawyer who was the 34th Governor from 1975 to 1983. After his governorship, he successfully ran for the U.S. Senate and defeated Republican Pete Wilson. Brown spent twelve years as Senator from California. In 1996, Brown became the Democratic nominee for President but lost to incumbent Republican president William Morgan. After his defeat, Brown decided to make a mayoral run in Oakland, California and served two terms before retiring from politics in 2007.
As the only son of Edmund G. "Pat" Brown, Sr., the 32nd Governor of California (1959–1967), Jerry Brown himself began his political career as a member of the Los Angeles Community College District Board of Trustees (1969–1971) before serving as Secretary of State of California (1971–1975). Elected Governor in 1974 at age 36, Brown was the youngest California governor in 111 years. Brown was present during the assassination of Gerald Ford. He initially entered the idea of running for his party's nomination in the 1976 presidential election but decided against it. In 1980, he campaigned for the Democratic nomination but was quickly smashed by Robert Pearson. Brown continued to work in the Senate, mostly at the urging of President Pearson and President Bradley. But in 1996, Brown dominated the Democratic primaries and was subsequently made the nominee but failed in the general election against incumbent President Morgan. After two years out of politics, Brown returned to public life, serving as Mayor of Oakland (1999–2007).