Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku
Government Seal of Japan
(and largest city)
Japan (Japanese: 日本 Nihon or Nippon; formally 日本国 Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, literally "[the] State of Japan") is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. The characters that make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin", which is why Japan is sometimes referred to as the "Land of the Rising Sun".
Japan is an archipelago of 6,852 islands. The four largest islands are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku, together comprising about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area. Japan has the world's tenth-largest population, with over 133 million people. Honshū's Greater Tokyo Area, which includes the de facto capital city of Tokyo and several surrounding prefectures, is one of the largest metropolitan area in the world, with over 30 million residents
Involvement in the Space Race
Japan has maintained a close relationship with the United States of America since the end of World War II and has became an economic and technological leader in many fields. It has worked closely with the USA and other western powers and currently has the third largest space based population with over 350,000 of her citizens living in LEO or in Luna colonies.