JapanTimeline: Scotland says "Yes"
OTL equivalent: Japan
|Other cities||Kyoto, Nagoya, Osaka, Yokohama, Nagasaki, Iwakuni, Naha|
|Regional Languages||Ainu, Korean, Chinese|
|Ethnic groups||Japanese, Korean, Ainu, Chinese, Russian, Filipino, American, Pacific Islander|
|-||Prime Minister||Shinzo Abe|
Japan is an island nation located in East Asia. The country shares borders with Russia, China, the Korean peninsula, and Taiwan. It is one of the richest countries in Asia and has one of the biggest economies of the world.
Japan's history dates back to a thousand years in the past. It is known the ancient China and Japan traded with each other, bringing in cultures from the mainland to the island nation. The country would isolate itself at the early years of the 14th-16th century before opening to trade. In late 1800s, the Tokugawa Shogunate ruled the islands. Japan would become a world power when it defeated China in the First Sino-Japanese War and the Russian Empire in the Russo-Japanese War in 1905. In 1910, the Empire annexed the entire Korean Peninsula. The country intervened in the Boxer Rebellion was a member of the Allied Powers in World War I - having captured all the German mandates in the Pacific. In 1937, Japan invaded China, triggering the Second Sino-Japanese War. In 1941, the Empire annexed majority of American and Western colonies in the Pacific and attacked Pearl Harbor, dragging the United States into the war. The Empire of Japan was defeated by the allies in August 1945, officially surrendering a month later. Under American occupation, the country quickly recovered from the damages it sustained during the war. The country would become a U.S. ally in 1951 as two nations supported each other during the Cold War. By the 1980s, Japan's economy was catching up with the United States.
In September 2012, Japan would be engaged in a territorial dispute with China over the Senkaku Islands. The country nationalized it on that month, which caused tensions with the two economic powers of Asia. From 2012 to 2016, China's Coast Guard, Navy, and Air Force would encroach territorial waters and airspace in the Senkakus, provoking a series of naval and aerial intercepts by the Japan Self-Defense Force. In July 2015, the Japanese diet reinterpreted the constitution in which the JSDF could be deployed overseas to come in a form of "collective self-defense" of their allies. This caused China and the two Koreas to heavily criticize this decision because of their past grievances with Japan. In November, China accused Japan of aiding Tibetan secessionists in the Tibetan Uprising, of which the nation denied of.
Japan has good relations with majority of Southeast Asia, Oceania, Africa, Europe, and the West. The country is an ally of the United States since 1951, after America ended its military occupation of the islands. The U.S. military and the Japan Self-Defense Force regularly train in military exercises locally or internationally. Recently, Japan has improved defense ties with the Philippines and Vietnam in the face Chinese aggression in the South China Sea.The country has sour relations with China and the two Koreas because of Japan's historical past in the 20th century and territorial disputes in the East China Sea. Meanwhile, Japan and South Korea agrees to cooperate militarily because of the threat of North Korea's ballistic missiles.