Japan (Japanese: 日本 Nippon or Nihon), officially the Japanese Empire (大日本帝國 Dai Nippon Teikoku, literally "Great Empire of Japan" or "Great Japanese Empire") is a nation in East Asia. Located on the northern corner of Asia, it boarded by Korea and Russia to the west and the Pacific Ocean to the east, stretching from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. The characters that make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin", which is why Japan is often referred to as the "Land of the Rising Sun".
Archaeological research indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century CE. Influence from other regions, mainly Imperial China and later from Western Europe, has characterized Japan's history. From the 12th century until 1868, Japan was ruled by successive feudal military shoguns who ruled in the name of the Emperor. Japan entered into a long period of isolation in the early 17th century, which was ended in 1853 when a United States fleet pressured Japan to open to the West. Nearly two decades of internal conflict and insurrection followed before the Meiji Emperor was restored as head of state in 1868 and the Empire of Japan was proclaimed, with the Emperor as a divine symbol of the nation. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, victories in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War and World War I allowed Japan to expand its empire during a period of increasing militarism. The Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937 expanded into part of World War II in 1941, which came to an end in 1945 following the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Japan came under Allied occupation following the end of World War II until the Treaty of San Francisco was signed in 1952, which granted the country complete independence. Despite dreaming confidences about recreating the Utopian Empire of Japan in a peaceful way, Japanese shugarists overthrown the Democratic government on 19 March 1953 during the short coup d'etat and installed a Shugarist government with Emperor Hirohito once again restored as head of state and sets revenge for defeat in World War II, thus recreating the Empire of Japan as it was in 1868. Japan then joined the Shugarist block and took a major part in Shugarist Invasion of China. Not conquering all of China and creating Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere as it was in World War II, but also attacked Soviet Union in June 1954 and conquered the entire Russian Far East except for Sakha Republic. The Russian Far East was later populated heavily by Japanese people while the remaining Russian population were expelled to Central Siberia. Since Akihito, the empire continue to survive infinitely to that day.