Timeline: 1879: Agreement

OTL equivalent: Japan, without former Ryukyu Islands and the island of Hokkaido
Flag of Japan Imperial Seal of Japan
Flag Coat of Arms
Capital Edo
Largest city Edo
Other cities Yokohama, Hiroshima, Nagasaki, Kyoto
Language Japanese
Shintoism, Buddhism
  others Roman Catholicism
Demonym Japanese
Government Constitutional monarchy
Emperor Akihito
  Royal house: Imperial House of Japan
Prime-Minister Naoto Kan
Area 292,220 km²
Population 100,000,000 
Established 660 BC
Currency Yen
Japan (Japanese: 日本 Nihon or Nippon, officially 日本国 Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku) is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk and the Ezo Republic in the north to the East China Sea to the south. The characters that make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin", which is why Japan is sometimes referred to as the "Land of the Rising Sun".

Japan is an archipelago consisting of over 6,800 islands. The three largest islands are Honshu, Kyushu and Shikoku, together accounting for almost ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area. Most of the islands are mountainous, many volcanic; Japan’s highest peak, Mount Fuji, is a volcano.

Archaeological research indicates that people lived in Japan as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century AD. Influence from other nations followed by long periods of isolation has characterized Japan's history.

A major economic power, Japan has the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP and by purchasing power parity. It is also the world's fourth largest exporter and fifth largest importer. Although Japan has officially renounced its right to declare war, it maintains an extensive modern military force in self-defense and peacekeeping roles. Japan has the second lowest homicide (including attempted homicide) rate in the world. It has the highest life expectancy of any country (according to UN and WHO estimates) and the third lowest infant mortality rate.

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