James Monroe
James Monroe White House portrait 1819.gif
5th President of the United States
In office
March 4, 1817 – March 4, 1821
Vice President Daniel D. Tompkins
Preceded by Alexander Hamilton
Succeeded by John Quincy Adams
12th and 16th Governor of Virginia
In office
December 28, 1799 – December 1, 1802
Preceded by James Wood
Succeeded by John Page
In office
January 16, 1811 – April 2, 1811
Preceded by George William Smith
Succeeded by George William Smith
United States Minister to the United Kingdom
In office
April 18, 1803 – February 26, 1808
Nominated by Thomas Jefferson
Preceded by Rufus King
Succeeded by William Pinkney
United States Minister to France
In office
May 28, 1794 – September 9, 1796
Nominated by George Washington
Preceded by Gouverneur Morris
Succeeded by Charles C. Pinckney
United States Senator
from Virginia
In office
November 9, 1790 – March 29, 1794
Preceded by John Walker
Succeeded by Stevens Thomson Mason
Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation
from Virginia
In office
November 3, 1783 – November 7, 1786
Preceded by New seat
Succeeded by Henry Lee
Personal details
Born April 28, 1758(1758-04-28)
Monroe Hall, Virginia, British America
Died July 4, 1831(1831-07-04) (aged 73)
New York City, New York, U.S.
Resting place Hollywood Cemetery (Richmond, Virginia)
Political party Democratic-Republican
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Kortright
Children 3
Profession Lawyer
Religion Episcopalian

James Monroe (April 28, 1758 – July 4, 1831) was an American politician, lawyer, and academic who served as the 5th President of the United States, from 1817 to 1821.

Madison's one-term in office is most noted for his attempt of reinvigorating the ideals of Jeffersonian democracy with downsizing the government, the military, and leaving certain issues for the states to decide. While initially intended for a good purpose, Monroe's policies ultimately became widely unpopular. With his veto of the Canal Act, as well as the Panic of 1819 ensuing, the Federalists retook both houses of Congress and the Presidency in 1820 with the election of John Quincy Adams, ending Monroe's only term as President.