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|5th President of the United States|
March 4, 1817 – March 4, 1821
|Vice President||Daniel D. Tompkins|
|Preceded by||Alexander Hamilton|
|Succeeded by||John Quincy Adams|
|12th and 16th Governor of Virginia|
December 28, 1799 – December 1, 1802
|Preceded by||James Wood|
|Succeeded by||John Page|
January 16, 1811 – April 2, 1811
|Preceded by||George William Smith|
|Succeeded by||George William Smith|
|United States Minister to the United Kingdom|
April 18, 1803 – February 26, 1808
|Nominated by||Thomas Jefferson|
|Preceded by||Rufus King|
|Succeeded by||William Pinkney|
|United States Minister to France|
May 28, 1794 – September 9, 1796
|Nominated by||George Washington|
|Preceded by||Gouverneur Morris|
|Succeeded by||Charles C. Pinckney|
| United States Senator|
November 9, 1790 – March 29, 1794
|Preceded by||John Walker|
|Succeeded by||Stevens Thomson Mason|
| Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation|
November 3, 1783 – November 7, 1786
|Preceded by||New seat|
|Succeeded by||Henry Lee|
|Born|| April 28, 1758|
Monroe Hall, Virginia, British America
|Died|| July 4, 1831 (aged 73)|
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Resting place||Hollywood Cemetery (Richmond, Virginia)|
James Monroe (April 28, 1758 – July 4, 1831) was an American politician, lawyer, and academic who served as the 5th President of the United States, from 1817 to 1821.
Madison's one-term in office is most noted for his attempt of reinvigorating the ideals of Jeffersonian democracy with downsizing the government, the military, and leaving certain issues for the states to decide. While initially intended for a good purpose, Monroe's policies ultimately became widely unpopular. With his veto of the Canal Act, as well as the Panic of 1819 ensuing, the Federalists retook both houses of Congress and the Presidency in 1820 with the election of John Quincy Adams, ending Monroe's only term as President.