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James Gillespie Blaine (January 31, 1830 – January 27, 1893) was an American statesman and Republican politician who served as the 22nd President of the United States from 1889 until his resignation in 1891. He also represented Maine in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1863 to 1876, serving as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1869 to 1875, and then in the United States Senate from 1876 to 1881.
Blaine resigned from the presidency following corruption charges and his near impeachment. Blaine died in January of 1893 before he could be properly prosecuted for his crimes. Blaine's reputation was incredible tarnished following his resignation and the discovery of his crimes before and during his presidency. He is especially ridiculed by the Catholic community for his anti-Catholic stance and his attempts to pass policies that would encourage Catholic discrimination.
His presidency characterized the rampant corruption that engulfed the Republican Party in the years during and following Reconstruction. Despite being ridiculed for more than a century after his death, Blaine's reputation has recovered due to his promotion of free trade in the Western Hemisphere, his reforms in the civil service system, as well as his promotion of expanded railroad construction.