James A. Garfield

473px-James Abram Garfield, photo portrait seated
Portrait of James A. Garfield

20th President of the United States
March 4, 1881 – September 19, 1881

Predecessor Ulysses S. Grant
Successor Chester Arthur
Vice President Chester Arthur

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio's 19th district
March 4, 1863 – March 3, 1881

Predecessor Albert Riddle
Successor Ezra Taylor
Born November 19, 1831

Moreland Hills, Ohio

Died September 19, 1881
Elberon, New Jersey
Political Party Republican

James Abram Garfield (November 19, 1831 – September 19, 1881) served as the 20th President of the United States, after completing nine consecutive terms in the U.S. House of Representatives. Garfield's accomplishments as President included a controversial resurgence of Presidential authority above Senatorial courtesy in executive appointments; energizing U.S. naval power; and purging corruption in the Post Office Department. Garfield made notable diplomatic and judiciary appointments, including a U.S. Supreme Court justice. Garfield appointed several African Americans to prominent federal positions.