James A. Garfield

473px-James Abram Garfield, photo portrait seated
Portrait of James A. Garfield

20th President of the United States
March 4, 1881 – September 19, 1881

Predecessor: Ulysses S. Grant
Successor: Chester Arthur
Vice President: Chester Arthur

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Ohio's 19th district
March 4, 1863 – March 3, 1881

Predecessor: Albert Riddle
Successor: Ezra Taylor
Born: November 19, 1831

Moreland Hills, Ohio

Died: September 19, 1881
Elberon, New Jersey
Political Party: Republican

James Abram Garfield (November 19, 1831 – September 19, 1881) served as the 20th President of the United States, after completing nine consecutive terms in the U.S. House of Representatives. Garfield's accomplishments as President included a controversial resurgence of Presidential authority above Senatorial courtesy in executive appointments; energizing U.S. naval power; and purging corruption in the Post Office Department. Garfield made notable diplomatic and judiciary appointments, including a U.S. Supreme Court justice. Garfield appointed several African Americans to prominent federal positions.

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