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John Edgar Hoover (January 1, 1895 - February 4, 1955) was the first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the United States. Appointed director of the Bureau of Investigation - predecessor to the FBI - in 1924, he was instrumental in founding the FBI in 1935, turning it in the State's political police after 1947 and he remained director until being arrested and later executed by deviant sexual behaviour in 1955.
Hoover had success even before the Allies' War. He turned the FBI into a large crime-fighting agency. After the War, the anti-communists became all-powerful in the US and Hoover, an anti-communist in a powerful position in Washington already, he became a key-figure in US politics. In a matter of years, he was the right-wing of McCarthy. He was behind the creation of the political prisons in Alaska and New Mexico and many restrictions of civil liberties. But then in Washington rumors started about his supposed homosexuality. In early 1955 Hoover was arrested and trialed in the crimes of homosexuality and was then death sentenced.
Before Allies' War
Born in Washington DC in New Year's Day to a German Swiss descent mother and an English and German descent father, he grew up in Capitol Hill. Since youth he was against women's right to vote and the abolition of death penalty. He obtained a Bachelor of Laws from the George Washington University Law School in 1916. He started working in the library of Congress when he was 18.
He was hired by the Justice Department to work in the War Emergency Division. He soon became the head of the Division's Alien Enemy Bureau, authorized by President Wilson at the beginning of World War I to arrest and jail disloyal foreigners without trial.
In August 1919 Hoover became head of the Bureau of Investigation's new General Intelligence Division. It was beginning America's First Red Scare. In 1921, he rose in the Bureau to deputy head and in 1924, he was made the acting director. In the 30's he was responsible to take down gangsters and the Mafia from their criminal power. He was also concerned about subversion and in the late 30's the FBI investigated a great number of Germans. When McCarthy's race to power began, he was one of the first to support him. Rumors said that the FBI was involved in the killing of Truman.
After Allies' War
When McCarthy was elected President, the dispute between the FBI and the OSS ended with the fusion of the OSS with the FBI. The power of Hoover was even bigger. And his influence over McCarthy was also big. In a few years, Hoover was in charge of the Police, entering even further into the States' law enforcement, the secret and political police, the political prisons and had also a great amount of power in the Congress and Senate, besides foreign rulers, knowing dark secrets of every person of interest. His power started to concern other important figures, even McCarthy.
Trial and execution
After several months of investigation by a President-controlled police, called the White Guard, which collected proves of a relationship between J. Edgar Hoover and a young male adult, by the age of 21. He was accused of sodomy and deviant behaviour and sentenced to death. He was killed on February 4, 1955, and a new Director was chosen to FBI, which was put more close to the President's control.