In 1809 Jørgen Jørgesen, a privateer in the royal navy, led a coup in Iceland with the aim to establish it as a protectorate of the British Empire. However though he succeeded in his coup two months later the ship HMS Talbot arrived at the island and liberated the colony, quickly returning it to Denmark, with Jørgen facing punishment for breaking his parole. But what if Britain didn't return the colony to Denmark? How would this affect the history of Europe? Well, dear reader the answers you seek lie just below ...
Brief Timeline overview
2nd March 1808: Jørgen Jørgesen, a Danish mariner is captured in the Action of 2 March 1808. He is then employed as a privateer for the royal navy.
June 1809 Jørgen Jørgesen leads two merchant voyages to Iceland in the hopes of trading and ending the Danish trade monopoly there. However, he is banned from trading on both occasions due to Denmark and Britain being at war at the time. On the second time however He used a coup by him and his sailors to capture the Danish governor and establish a protectorate under the British Empire.
14th August 1809: The British sloop HMS Talbot docks in Iceland and instead of arresting Jørgen, supports his protectorate. With the Island under full British military control any Danish resistance is quickly defeated.
14 January 1814: The Treaty of Kiel is signed, with it the Danish government is forced to recognise British sovereignty over Iceland.
8 March 1843: A seat of Icelandic government is established, the Althing.