History and Overview
The Federated Kingdom of the Two Italies was formed on the 17th of March, 1861 in the aftermath of the Italian Wars. A settlement was reached with Pope Pius IX to establish the Papal States as an autonomous region, with the majority of the land belonging to the Catholic Church, although Rome still serves as the capital. The French and Austrian conquests of the northern Italian states in the mid-to-late 18th century were recognized as de-jure French and Austrian lands as Free Europe began to band together in an effort to take on the Red Menace that was beginning to rise in the 1860's and 1870's...
The newly formed Italian Kingdom began expanding their reach into Africa during the 1870's, colonizing what is now Tunisia, Tripolitania, the United Federation of Yemen and Somalia and Cyrenaica. One of the biggest blows to the Italian colonial empire was the Mediterranean War of 1985, when Tripolitanian General Mummar Gaddafi deposed the rulers of Italian Tripolitania and declared his nation a Communalist state, much like the former states of Germany and California before him.
The Mediterranean War ended in a victory for the Allied Treaty Organization, but at the cost of the dismantling of the Italian colonial empire. Even with the end of Imperialism on the African continent by 2000, the newly independent states have high relations with their mother country. Substantial Arab, Berber and Somali minorities exist in the south of Italy, introducing more Middle Eastern flavors to traditional Sicilian culture and cuisine.