Alternate History

Italian Republic (Great Nuclear War)

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Italian Republic
Repubblica Italiana
Timeline: Great Nuclear War

OTL equivalent: North-East of Italy
Flag of Italy Emblem of Italy
Flag of the Italian Republic Coat of Arms of the Italian Republic
Map Italy (GNW)
Location of the Italian Republic (In Blue)

Figli tutti d'Italia noi siamo (Italian)
("We are all sons of Italy")

Anthem "Inno di Mameli (Anthem of Mameli)"
Capital Turin
Largest city Milan
Other cities Genoa, Aosta, Parma and Milan
  others French
  others Judaism and Waldesianism
Ethnic Groups
  others French
Demonym Italians
Government Unitary presidential republic
  legislature Italian Parliament
President of the Republic Silvio Berlusconi
President of the Council Mario Monti
Area 75.154 km²
Population 20.846.492 
Established 17 March 1964
Independence from Italy
  declared 28 October 1963
Currency Italian Lira (£)
Time Zone +1

The Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana) is a survivor state located in Northeast Italy. It is comprised of the former Italian regions of Piedmont, Aosta Valley, Lombardy, Emilia-Romagna and Liguria.


The President of the Council Amintore Fanfani was not present in Rome during the War. Fanfani was in Turin, for a meeting with the workers of the FIAT. The War cut off Northwestern Italy, and that October, Fanfani had made several attempts at contact with Rome. No answer was received. Fanfani summoned a meeting of all presidents of the regions of Piedmont, Ligure and Valle d'Aosta in city of Turin to discuss of the situation. From this meeting it was agreed that they would try to best accommodate the survivors as possible and create a new state. In order to do so agriculture was temporarily put in state control. The fledgling government quickly recreated an Armed Forces with the Brigades and Units present in northwest Italy.

In the winter of 1963 no one died thanks to the strong organization of the new provisional government.

A New Republic

The 17th March of 1964 the Italian Republic was declared by a provisional parliament in Madama Palace. The new country would use a modified version of the Italian Constitution. The old flag and coat of arms of the Italian Republic was adopted by request of Fanfani.

National Anthem of the Italian Republic - "Il Canto degli Italiani Inno di Mameli"01:33

National Anthem of the Italian Republic - "Il Canto degli Italiani Inno di Mameli"

After the first election, Giorgio Almirante, leader of the Movimento Sociale Italiano or MSI and Italian nationalist, was elected the new President of the Republic by universal suffrage. On April 1st of 1964, the President of the Republic officially being his mandate. For the next years, the new government focused on improving the economy, keep people safe and build again for the future.

Expeditions and attack by the Mafia

By the early 1965 things had finally begun to normalize in the Italian Republic, and so the people once more became curious as to the fate of Italy. In 1968 two expeditions were set out to assess the conditions in the immediate area. The first of these in north for contact Switzerland and started with relations, but they was sent back, while a second sailed west to seek French.

The later expedition held promising results, with the contact of French Republic, the Italian expedition made contact and exchange embassies with the Principality of Monaco, the first state at recognized the Italian Republic as the successor state of Italy.

In 1970 the republic have started the annexation of Lombardy, for exploit their industries and their hydropower plan stations, the Lombardy was liberated in the 1975.

When the Italian Republic have captured Milan it will be have five days of fight against raiders and other criminal, the province of Milan was put under military rule and control until the disappeared of the raiders. 

In the 1966 they have send humanitarian and medical aid at the Tuscany, it also have send 5000 Military for help the young republic and preserve the greatest assets that the Italians have give to humanity.  

In 1975 the republic have made contact with the Sicily, after a diplomatic incident called "L'arrivo dei Piemontesi."

In 1990 finally the Switzerland have open his border and started to make relations with his neighbors, after this the Italian Republic have try again to contact the Swiss and they have answer happily at established relations with the Italian Republic. Now Switzerland and the republic have both an embassy in their capitals and they have good relations, they also help the survivors state at grown and create a stable government.

In 1995 the Republic of Holy United Crown made a landing in Liguria, nominated "Operazione Ionio", the major objectives of the Republic were the ports, for make attack the Italians from the intern. They underestimated the Italian Armed Forces, the most organized and modern Armed Forces in the Peninsula, second only to the Sicilian Armed Forces. 

The most of the ships in the Holy United Navy were destroyed before even docking. Only one ship with 50 soldiers docked, and they managed to occupy a building for one hour, killing a family and a policeman who tried to stopped the soldiers. After a short firefight the remaining men were forced to surrender to the Italian Army. 

After a military court, the remaining soldiers were quickly convicted and promptly executed. The President of the Republic Silvio Berlusconi have considered this attack "Un attacco alla democrazia e alla Repubblica Italiana, che è il paese più sviluppato e modernizzato dell'Italia. La Repubblica Italiana attenuerà una azione ostile nei confronti della Repubblica della Sacra Corona Unita, boicottando ogni prodotto della Repubblica e ingaggiando azioni ostili contro la Marina della Sacra Corona Unita. Ed inoltre creeremmo un alleanza militare e politica tra gli stati democratici e legittimi Italiani; Ossia Sicilia, Venezia, Toscana, Stato Pontificio, San Marino, Emilia-Romagna e Sardegna per debellare questo stato mafioso e per portare democrazia e libertà al popolo del meridione, oppresso sotto lo stivale della Mafia."

English:' "An attack against democracy and the Italian Republic, which is the country's most developed and modernized Italy. The Italian Republic will alleviate a hostile action against the Republic of the Sacra Corona Unita, boycotting any product of the Republic and engaging hostile actions against Navy the Sacra Corona Unita. and also we would create a military and political alliance between the democratic and legitimate were Italian; that is Sicily, Venice, Tuscany, Roman Republic, San Marino, Emilia-Romagna and Sardinia to eradicate this state mafia and to bring democracy and freedom to the south the people, oppressed under the boot of the Mafia."


Formally and according to the Italian Constitution (Costituzione Italiana) is organized as such:

  • President of the Republic (Presidente della Repubblica), elected by the citizens every seven years. The post is hold by Silvio Berlusconi.
  • The Parliament has a perfect bicameral system, and this is composed of the Chamber of the Deputies and by the Senate.
  • The Chamber of the Deputies is elected by the people every ten years, they have 100 deputies.
  • The Senate is elected by the president of the regions every five years, they have 50 Senators.
  • President of the Council (Presidente del Consiglio), nominated by the President of the Republic. They were responsible for the administration of the Republic. Gian Paolo Brizio is the new President of the Council.
  • The Constitution establishes the Government of the Italian Republic as composed of the President of the Council and Ministers. The President of the Council form its cabinet. The appointee can be the leader of the majority coalition that won the election, or it can be a person instructed by the President of the Republic to form a national unity government in times of crisis for the nation. Either way, the government must receive the confidence of the Parliament. 
  • The Constitution states that justice is administered in the name of the people and that judges are subject only to the law. So the judiciary is a branch that is completely autonomous and independent of all other branches of power, even though the Minister of Justice is responsible for the organization and functioning of those services involved with justice and has the power to originate disciplinary actions against judges, which are then administered by the High Council of the Judiciary, presided over by the President.
  • There is only partial judicial review of legislation. Judicial review exists under certain conditions, established by the Constitutional Law, in the Constitutional Court, or Corte Costituzionale, which can reject anti-constitutional laws after scrutiny. When the Court declares a law unconstitutional, the law ceases to have effect the day after the publication of the ruling.
  • The Constitutional Court is composed of 15 judges, one of which is the President of the Italian Constitutional Court elected from the court itself. One third of the judges are appointed by the President of the Italian Republic, one-third are elected by Parliament and one-third are elected by the ordinary and administrative supreme courts.
  • According to the Constitution, any citizen that is fifty on the day of the election, and enjoys civil and political rights, can be elected President. The President cannot hold office in any other branch of power, and the office's salary and privileges are established by law.
  • In addition to powers inherent in being a member of the cabinet, the prime minister holds specific powers, most notably being able to nominate a list of cabinet ministers to be appointed by the President of the Republic.
  • Often the Prime Minister's activity consists more in mediating between the various parties in the majority coalition, rather than directing the activity of the Council of Ministers.

Political Parties 

Parliament of the Italian Republic

The Parliament of the Italian Republic.

Chamber of the Deputies :

  • Italian Communist Party (Partito Comunista Italiano) an anti-fascist party and a leftist party: 10/100
  • Italian Socialist Party (Partito Socialista Italiano) an anti-fascist party and a leftist party: 10/100
  • Christian Democracy (Democrazia Cristiana) a liberal and a rightist party: 50/100
  • Italian Social Moviment (Movimento Sociale Italiano) a neo-fascist and a far-rightist party: 30/100
Senate :

The Senate of the Italian Republic.

  • Italian Socialist Party (Partito Socialista Italiano) an anti-fascist party and a leftist party: 10/100
  • Christian Democracy (Democrazia Cristiana) a liberal and a rightist party: 30/50
  • Italian Social Moviment (Movimento Sociale Italiano) a neo-fascist and a far-rightist party: 5/50

Administrative organization

The Italian Republic is divided into regions, provinces and communes. The Provinces are in the charge of a Prefect, named by the President of the region, who is in charge of all aspects of the state administration and public order and the president of the region is elected every five years on universal suffrage. The chief magistrate of a commune is a mayor, elected by the citizens of a city or in special case by a prefect. He was assisted by a Municipal Consul, composed of five councilors named by the Mayor.

The regions are:

  • Piedmont (Turin)
  • Aosta Valley (Aosta)
  • Lombardy (Milan)
  • Liguria (Genoa)
  • Trentino (Trento)
  • Emilia (Reggio Emilia)


The Italian Republic has a mixed economy system. Though traditionally the Italian economy has been dominated by agriculture and tourism, in 1960's there had been much industrialization, especially in the north. Indeed, after the Great Nuclear War, many industries and society have suffered of this. But also this has brought massive growth of the economy of the republic, even if is afflicted by the crisis. Education, banking service, security service, telecommunication, transport, health care, social security and access to cultural resources are under the control of the state.

The Italian economy is based on tourism, agriculture, car industry, industry, hydropower energy, viticulture, fishing and shipping industry.

The republic is self-sufficient for the energy, they take the energy from the hydroelectric power station.

Health Care

Health care is free and accessible for all the citizens of the republic, funded by the state through general taxation and direct revenues collected by local health, through prescription charges and other chargeable services. 

Most major cities have a hospital or a general hospital. The smaller cities or the villages have a Local Health Office (L.H.O.) (Italian: Uffici Sanitari Locali (U.S.L.)).


Schooling is required by law, and free, compulsory education is obligatory until 17 years of age. The Italian school system is divided into three stages of education:

  • Primary education, which includes the kindergarten for three years and primary school, five-years.
  • Secondary education, which includes the secondary school level (middle school) for three years, and the secondary school of second degree (High school) of five-year duration.
  • Higher education, including the universities, the higher education in art, music and dance and vocational training.  

The major cities have at least one universities. Turin has an official military academy sanctioned by the armed forces (Excluding the Navy) and the city of Genoa has an officially sanctioned naval academy.

Mass media

Within the republic, the official news agency is the Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associata (ANSA). The most read newspapers are the Corriere della Sera, the Repubblica, the Sole 24 ORE, the Messaggero, the Gazzetta dello Sport, Tuttosport and the Secolo XIX.

The RAI (Radio Televisione Italiana) are property of the state. There are only a few private radio stations, though television and radio are fairly common and popular. 


The Italian Armed Forces (Forze Armate Italiane) an armed force made up of conscripts. All male citizens of 18 years need to serve in the Armed Forces for 18 months.


The Italian Armed Forces are equipped with M1 Garand, M1 Carbine, Carcano M91, MAB-38 and Beretta BM-59 as main rifles, with the Beretta M34 and Beretta M35 as side gun, they have also use the MG 42/59 and the Breda M37

A group of Italian Alpini who fight against raiders, in the 1990.

as squad weapons.

Armed Forces:

  • Italian Army (Esercito Italiano): 50,000 Military
  • Italian Military Navy (Marina Militare Italiana): 20,000 Military
  • Italian Military Air Force (Aeronautica Militare Italiana): 15,000 Military
  • Army of the Carabinieri (Arma dei Carabinieri): 30,000 Carabinieri
  • Financial Guard (Guardia di Finanza): 10,000 Guard

Internal Security:

  • Army of the Carabinieri (Arma dei Carabinieri): 30,000 Carabinieri
  • Police of State (Polizia di Stato): 15,000 Policemen
  • Financial Guard (Guardia di Finanza): 10,000 Guard

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