The Italian Parliament is the legislative body of Italian Republic. The Parliament has a perfect bicameral system, composing of the Senate of the Republic (The Upper Chamber), and the Chamber of the Deputies (The Lower Chamber). All laws must be approved by the Parliament. The Constitution establishes the Government of Italy as composed of the Prime Minister (Primo Ministro) and Ministers. The President of Italy appoints the Prime Minister and, on his proposal, the Ministers that form its cabinet. The appointee can be the leader of the majority coalition that won the election, or it can be a person instructed by the President to form a national unity government in times of crisis for the nation. Either way, the government must receive the confidence of both Houses, so the Executive derives its legitimacy from the Parliament, and the great number of political parties forces the Prime Minister to bend to their will if the majority coalition no longer supports the government.
Chamber of Deputies (Camera dei Deputati)
The Chamber of the Deputies (Camera dei Deputati) is elected by universal suffrage every five years. There are 200 deputies, twelve of which are elected in the overseas constituencies.
The political parties of the Chamber of the Deputies and of course the most great in Italy are :
- Democratic Party (Partito Democratico) a anti-fascist party and left-wing party : 50/200
- Popular Area (Area Popolare) a populist and liberal party : 25/200
- Moviment 5 Stars (Moviment 5 Stelle) a social-liberal and a central-left party : 25/200
- Italy Force (Forza Italia) a liberal and right-wing party : 60/200
- Brothers of Italy (Fratelli d'Italia) a nationalist and a right-wing party : 20/200
- New Force (Forza Nuova) a neo-fascist and a far-right-wing party : 20/200
In total : 200/200 Deputies.
Senate of the Republic (Senato della Repubblica)
The Senate of the Republic (Senato della Repubblica) is elected on a regional basis. There are 150 senators, six of whom are elected in the overseas constituencies. There are also a number of senators for life, such as former Presidents or citizens appointed by the President, during his term in office, for having brought honour to the nation with their achievements.
The political parties of the Senate of the Republic, and of course the greatest in Italy are :
- Democratic Party (Partito Democratico) a anti-fascist and left-wing party : 10/150
- Popular Area (Area Popolare) a populist and central party : 25/150
- Moviment 5 Stars (Movimento 5 Stelle) a social-liberal and central-left party : 25/150
- Italy Force (Forza Italia) a liberal and right-wing party : 50/150
- Brothers of Italy (Fratelli d'Italia) a nationalist and right-wing party : 20/150
- New Force (Forza Nuova) a neo-fascist and a far-right-wing party : 20/150
In total : 150/150 Senators.