Impero Italiano
Italian Empire
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg
1946–1988 Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg
Flag of the Italian Empire (Giovinezza).png Imperial Coat of Arms
Flag Coat of arms
Per l'onore d'Italia
"For the honour of Italy"
Capital Rome
Official language Italian
Religion Roman Catholic
Government Single-party fascist dictatorship under constitutional monarchy
MonarchMaria Pia
 - 1946 - 1963 Benito Mussolini
 - 1963 - 1968 Fascist Tetrarchy
 - 1968 - 1971 Fascist Triumvirate
 - 1971 - 1988 Bruno Mussolini
Legislature Grand Council of Fascism
 - Upper house Imperial Senate
 - Lower house Chamber of Fasci and Corporations
Historical era Cold War
 - Established 1946
 - Disestablished 1988
Currency Lira
The Italian Empire, commonly known as the Greater Italian Empire or the New Roman Empire, was the Italian state established by Benito Mussolini in 1946, shortly after the conclusion of the Second World War. Mussolini had rechristened the Kingdom of Italy to mark the birth of a new era; a new age for Italy, who would go on to be one of the dominate powers of the world. It was a one-party state ruled by the National Fascist Party with totalitarian efficiency from its capital of Rome.

The Italian Empire was divided up into "diocese" which were semi-autonomous from Rome. The largest and most important of these diocese was Italy Proper, which consisted of metropolitan Italy, Albania and Italian North Africa. In addition to Italy Proper, the Italian Empire lorded over Yugoslavia (divided into several smaller states), Greece and East Africa. Members of the House of Savoy were governors and viceroys of these diocese. The Italian Empire also was de facto in control of Bulgaria in the form of a puppet state.

After the Second World War, the country experienced a golden age while succeeding in annexing Kenya into the Empire in 1949, detonating an atomic bomb in 1950 and extended its sphere of influence in South America and the Middle-east after taking part in such conflicts as the Suez War. After the death of Benito Mussolini in 1963, the country became ruled by what was known as the Fascist Tetrarchy consisting of Galeazzo Ciano, Italo Balbo, Bruno Mussolini and Dino Grandi. Although the Tetrarchs all wanted more power for themselves, the system worked for a time, despite the bickering between the four men. During the years of the Tetrarchy, Italy concluded its Colonial War by crushing the independence movements and tightened their hold on Italy's overseas possessions.

After the death of Italo Balbo in 1968, the system continued in the form of a Triumvirate; though Bruno Mussolini, with the help of Dino Grandi, used his influence to consolidate power and usurp Ciano's position in the government, declaring himself Consul of the Italian Empire in 1971.