Israel, formerly Jerusalem, is a Crusader state, established when Venice and Greece destroyed the Ottoman empire in 1676. It remained under Venetian control until 1697 when Naples took over. In the Mamluk Crusade (1710-1720) it gained much land in the East. After a genocide of all Sunni Muslims, many Jews immigrated It renamed itself Israel in 1747. The religions are 50% Jew, 30% Christian, 10% Druze, and 10% Muslim. Racially: 50% European, 50% Arab.