The Israel-Hezbollah war, known in Lebanon as the July War, was a 34-day military conflict between the Forces of Israel, and the Hezbollah paramilitary forces. The conflict began when Hezbollah militants purposely fired rockets at Israeli border towns as a diversion for an anti-tank missile attack on two armored Humvees patrolling the Israeli side of the border fence. Of the seven Israeli soldiers in the two jeeps, two were wounded, three were killed, and two were kidnapped and taken to Lebanon. Hezbollah, which actively tried to destroy the Jewish state, wanted to bargain the release of its own men.
Israel replied in kind with a massive bombing offensive against Lebanon. Artillery guns, naval vessels, and fighter jets pounded Hezbollah targets relentlessly, causing heavy losses.
Israel then invaded with massive amounts of infantry and armor. Hezbollah fought a fierce guerrilla war, and successfully bogged Israel down. Israel then launched a massive offensive, which successfully pushed to the Litani river and cleared out Hezbollah positions. President McCain vetoed UN Resolution 1701, giving Israel more time to finish off Hezbollah. The Litani offensive was finished in a few days, with an Israeli victory.
Hezbollah then called up its reserves, but Israeli intelligence had intercepted Hezbollah communications, and slaughtered the gathering reservists with airstrikes. Hezbollah launched a last-ditch attack by sending its Iranian-supplied UAVs to target Tel Aviv, which was stopped by Israeli Air Force interceptors.
In fierce street fighting, Israel finished off what was left of Hezbollah and eliminated its leadership, and also identified and bombed key Iranian Revolutionary Guard bases. During this stage, the bodies of the kidnapped soldiers were found. Israel then withdrew to make room for the Lebanese Army to re-establish the government's control over the country, and supplied Lebanon with military equipment to prevent Hezbollah from re-emerging.