The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is a nation in the Middle East.
The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan was formed in 2003 to replace the Islamic State of Afghanistan. The Islamic State of Afghanistan was a totalitarian one-party nation under the Afghan Taliban Party. After the 9/11 Attacks President Osama Bin Laden was ordered to resign and was to be brought to the Court of Justice. 2002 saw the start of the Second Afghan Revolution. By 2003, Interim President Mohammad Omar was arrested by American, Gulf and rebel soldiers.
Burhanuddin Rabbani became Afghan Interim President in 2003. The first official president-elect was Hamid Karzai, in 2004. His term ends in 2010, and can get another term afterwards.
The Afghan President is elected for a 5-year term, renewable once, by popular vote. If a candidate does not receive 50% of the vote, the two top candidates will compete in a final election. The Afghan President chooses the Afghan Prime Minister, and his vice president.
The Afghan Parliament consists of the Afghan House of People and the Afghan House of Elders. The Afghan House of People has 249 seats, elected to represent the provinces, for 5-year terms. The Afghan House of Elders consists of 102 seats, two from each province (the senior serves four years, junior serves three), and 34 chosen by the Afghan President, for 5-year terms.
The Afghan Supreme Court Justices are chosen by the Afghan President, approved by the Afghan House of Elders, to serve 10-year terms. The Afghan President chooses one to be Chief Justice.
Heads of State
|#||Name||Took office||Left office||Party||Head(s) of Government|
|-||Interim President Burhanuddin Rabbani||2003||2004||Afghan United National Front||Prime Minister Karim Khalili|
|1||President Hamid Karzai||2004||Incumbent||Afghan Independent||Prime Minister Ahmad Zia Massoud|
Afghanistan consists of 34 provinces:
|Badghis||Qala I Naw|
|Sar-E Pol||Sar-E Pol|