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The Federal Republic of Ireland or commonly referred to as Ireland is a relatively small island nation in western Europe. It shares no land border with any other nation but east of the country is the United Kingdom which has long been its rival. It is composed of 4 provinces which contain a number of counties. There are in total 32 counties. The country has a population of 10 million residents with the highest density being in the east and the least in the west and north west. Early autumn is the sunniest and driest period of the year and the rest of the year is scattered showers.
It is believed that over 15,000 years ago there were several land bridges between Ireland and the UK. Many people migrated from the UK to Ireland and the first signs of life are in the north of the country and east of the country. Gaelic kingdoms are said to have been established as early as 1514 BC but these are largely legendary. The first High Kings of Ireland are said to have arose in 459 BC. These High Kings lasted until 1318. For the next 200 years the normans and other gaelic people arrived in the country to settle. The Normans controlled most of the eastern of the country but had married into Irish families and had become "more Irish then the Irish themselves" gaelic lords ruled most of the other parts of the country until a invasion by the British in 1510. This was the first time since the time of the High Kings that the country had banded together to fight the British. The most powerful lords the Fitzgeralds of Desmond along with many other lords of Ireland joined there armies together to fight the might of the rising British Empire. The British Army first invaded Belfast and Drogheda at this time the Head of the Fitzgeralds Enda Fitzgerald had contacted all the other noble families across the island to come to Ireland for the first Oirechtas. He famously read the Republic of Ireland Speech stating that Ireland had to join together to fight its enemies and protect its allies. Many historians regard this as the birth of the modern Ireland.
The great Anglo-Irish War took place and the country was in turmoil. Britain soon invaded the entirety of Northern Ireland and controlled this area. Soon Donegal, Tyrone, Armagh, Antrim, Derry and Down were under full control of the british. Fermanagh, Cavan, Monaghan and Louth were all at risk of being invaded. By 1528 the British were preparing for a invasion of the south of Ireland when 5 of the Gaelic and Norman lords discussed the North-South Armistice to finalize peace in the country. The British agreed to the armistice and fighting was stopped but both sides did not trust each other. The first phase of the armistice lasted for a unknown period. It was about 30 years until another conflict broke out. This is the longest unbroken peace in history. Over the next 200 years random fights and clashing began to take place until in 1770 when the British army began to pull out to station its armies in the United States. In 1776 nearly all barracks were withdrawn from Ireland. By this time the government in Southern Ireland was well organised but not official. Elections had taken place and laws were enacted and trade was made with foreign countries that recognised the Irish Republic. Ireland saw this as there chance to invade and Operation Mockingjay was written up to invade Britain.
Operation Mockingjay was the brain child of famous general Séadna Ó Cuinn. It involved a full charge at the British frontline to push them back to Antrim and Down. Cavalry and Ground soldiers would then assault the city and ships would fire on the British ships docked at Belfast. This would make it very hard for escape of the British.
This plan was carried out on February 13 1777. The ground plan went mainly to plan and all troops were pushed out of Armagh and Derry (No more troops were situated in Tyrone and Donegal. 40 of Irelands 50 ships (borrowed from the Spanish) sailed up the east coast. Nearly 5 were destroyed in a surprise assault in Newry. The rest survived up until Belfast and a large sea battle took place. The remaining officer in command Admiral Douglas F. Gent had ordered his remaining ships to destroy the Irish armada. Many of the cannons and artillery were left at the docks and when the ground troops arrived at the docks they utilized them to fire on the ships. The sea battle went on for 2 days until Douglas F. Gent had lost almost 300 men and had only about 1,500 men left to fight the strong 25,000 Irish force.
The Treaty of Oxford
Talks began a week later in Oxford over a new treaty. Many of the British delegates had given up hope on Ireland and stated it was a "failed state". Though talks dragged on for months and details about the establishment of the Irish government and many other things. Though in September 1777 the English Prime Minister and Peter Fitzgerald signed the Treaty of Oxford. The modern nation of Ireland was born
Many of the government functions were established. Many of the lordships in Ireland had been eradicated and no longer were in existence over the years as many of them divided their estates to pay for the war. The Irish nation copied many of the ideas from the US and began there own federal republic but the major difference was that the President did not have much power. During this transformation period the country was led by the Executive Council of Ireland which consisted of many members from the rebellion. Soon the First Irish Constitution was created in 1778 and in July 1778 the first general election took place.
Peter Fitzgerald who was a major driving force behind the rebellion surprisingly did not run for office and political turmoil had already broken out in the country once he announced his decision not to run for Prime Minister. He also established the Republican Party and the first person to be considered for the role was Eamon Smith who was the official candidate for the Republican Party.
Eamon Smith was the first of many Prime Ministers though many have criticised his lengthy term as unconstitutional. The trend of long terms though still exists today. He is also credited with the rapid industrialisation of the country during the Industrial Revolution. Under the Smith Administration 1778-1811 the new National Rail Network was established under the Industrial Laws passed between 1783-1800 this caused the expansion of towns and cities and helped the deprived West of Ireland grow and prosper. By the end of the industrialisation period Ireland was a economic powerhouse producing goods for many countries around the globe. A sharp rise of population from 8,000,000 to 25,000,000 over 32 years caused overcrowding in towns and cities and by 1810 the overcrowding had gone beyond normal. Over the next year accidents and tragedies took place due to overcrowding but the Republican Party were simply pumping all the money into industry and not enough into the development of infrastructure. This led to the Great Budget Dispute, this was political standoff between the Republican Party and the Progressive Republican Party. Soon the PRP pulled out but the Republicans believed they could still pass the budget however a overwhelmingly number of leftist parties voted against the budget and under the Constitution of Ireland any government that drafts a final budget that is rejected must dissolve the government. Eamon Smith dissolved the Dail and Seanad on the 29 December 1811.
Soon the Industrial Revolution slowed down the new Union of Ireland party were in power and promised to renew Ireland. The island was still had a strong economy though many of its citizens were living in bad conditions. Belfast and Dublin were the worst affected and a Emergency Assembly was called to discuss a new budget. More money was to be invested in developing housing and apartments. Roads and Railways were to be rapidly improved to help increase the standard of living. Job opportunities were offered and many took them and the country's employment rate was on the way up. Many people were working and producing goods but due to less money being pumped into the economy and more into the development of other things the economy began to destabilize after nearly a perfect period of economic growth and employment began to rise as more and more people began quitting their jobs as wages decreased. This was mainly due to government grants not being distributed as much and the tax rates were lower then ever before and in 1817 the Prime Minister of Ireland died of cardiac arrest and the country was plunged into political turmoil. The Workers Party asked for a general election while the Union of Ireland maintained its position of power before after a 3 month political deadlock J.J. Morgan was elected as Prime Minister. Government spending did increase but was not enough to stop the budget deficit of 1818. Employment began to rise as the government lost more and more money due to rapid spending from 1812-1817. Soon in 1819 economists predicted that Ireland was on the verge of collapse if it did not spike its tax rates. The Union of Ireland party believed this was wrong and though they're may be another way but on the 1 October 1819 the first Motion of No Confidence was passed in the Dail and deemed the government unfit to continue. The Union of Ireland administration resigned and called for a general election soon though the Inter Party Agreement 1819 was signed and it was an alliance between the Republican Party, National Liberal League and the Social Democrats. It wast the First Inter-Party Government.
From 1819-1820 the Inter Party government spiked taxes and Ireland began to avoid a recession as employment rates crawled slowly higher. In 1820 an election was held and the Social Democrats only won 3 seats and pulled from government. The Republican-Liberal Coalition formed a government and continued as Callum Simson as its leader.
In 1823 the International Federation of Nations was established and Ireland was one of its Founding Members. This strengthened its economic and political ties with many countries this helped trade deals become more common and the economy of Ireland also improved along with these trade deals due to the fact employers could get materials cheaper from foreign countries while selling the goods within Ireland and abroad.
By 1830 the country had recovered from its economic downturn but unemployment was still at 10% which was not popular with some citizens. 10 by-elections took place from 1820-1830 and the Labour Party had won 8 of them and was growing in numbers and power. It was seen as an improvement of the Workers Party. In 1834 the Faroe Islands War took place with the Irish supporting the war. Many criticised the governments actions and soon the government became unpopular due to its military intervention. This was after the recent military technology expansion which by some was "wasteful of good money". In 1835 the Republican Party formed a minority government but by 1836 could no longer maintain its place and Simson soon resigned and called for another General Election.
At the end of the 1936 General election the Labour Party had one over 412 seats in parliament enough to secure a majority and they took government. James Corbyn was its leader and had promised to pull out of all ongoing wars and he did so by getting the Statute of Military Intervention passed and all military intervention was voided. This further increased the Labour Parties popularity. Soon the downfall of the Labour Party was imminent. The Social Labour Acts were passed between 1840 and 1848. The first law improved the powers of trade unions and rights of workers and these were accepted by many people. Soon though the Job Rights Act was passed and forced employers to push their wages down to allow for more jobs to be created. Soon many people were living on the minimum wage which was then lowered again with the 1849 Irish Budget. In 1850 the National Census was held and political approval ratings were collected. The Labour Party was placed as one of the most unpopular parties and many groups asked for the prime minister to resign.
From 1850-1852 a string of ministers resigned from their posts and many members of the people revoked their membership of the party. In 1851 the first vote of no confidence took place and the Labour Party won by 12 votes. A second vote was held in 1852 and the government was defeated by 6 votes. The PM was forced to resign
In 1852 the Liberal Party was elected for its first term. Radical expansion of science and the education system took place as progressive ideologies filled the public sense of life in Ireland. Many people imagine it as the golden age of Ireland. Economic growth was seen within the country again and roads and cities were expanded. Trade routes were also opened with other nations as more money was pulled from the defense sector and more was allocated to other departments. Though the country was economically stable many military generals were angry with the progressive ideas of the government. The Security Council of Ireland was dominated by members of conservative and nationalist parties. Soon some military generals resigned and would not swear allegiance to Ireland. The Minister for Justice at the time Adam Shatter took this as mutiny and arrested most of the army generals. The Prime Minister Maria Goodman signed Executive Order 25 which released all army generals from the prison.
The Hertz Coup
In retaliation for the arrest of the military generals Ferdinand Hertz a Rear Admiral announced martial law of Dingle in Kerry. He claimed that the progressive ideas of the Liberal Party would lead to the destruction of the Irish nation. His division marched through Kerry mainly untouched until the Battle of Tralee in Tralee took place. A firefight between Republicans and the army took place with the Republicans being totally wiped out. Hertz used fear and allied with other generals over the years. By 1859 the entire southern half of the country was claimed by the Hertz Regime and the entire military was under control of Ferdinand Hertz.
On the 24 January 1860 Leinster House was stormed by the army and Maria Goodman was held at gunpoint and forced to sign the country into martial law and officially deemed Ferdinand Hertz leader of the country. During the day all Senators and TD's were arrested and sent to prison camps and the very next day Ferdinand Hertz became Prime Minister.