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The International League is an international organization said to be the most popular, most reliable, and the most
International League (English)
Ligue internationale (French)
Liga Internacional (Spanish)
Liga Internacional (Portuguese)
|Headquarters: World Capital District, in Washington D.C., USA|
|Official Languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Japanese, Portuguese, and Spanish|
|Membership: 17 member States|
Vice General Minister:
General Assembly Minister:
Security Council Minister:
important of all world organizations. The organization aims at world co-operation in international law and security, economic and global development, social progress, human rights, and the achievement of "total peace".
The IL was established in 1941 after the Great Doomsday Standoff. It was set up when America and France both backed down when both sides reconsidered the use of WMDs due to their fears of world destruction. It was just merely a truce, before the Cold War started. Yet the organization they set up with have a lasting effect in the international community. It was used to provide aid to war victims and refugees and to end wars. Yet its goal to end the tensions between America and France was never achieved until Emperor Jonathan of France came to throne and asked America to set aside their differences permanently.
There are currently 18 member states, all which are world's every recognized sovereign nation. The IL has multiple offices worldwide, and from those offices, the IL, and its agencies decide and discuss about important substantive and administrative issues in regular meetings which occur every year. The organization also has six principle branches, which are: the International General Assembly (the main, central deliberative assembly), the International Security Council, (the decision-maker if resolutions to ensure peace and security), the International Economic and Social Assembly (for assisting the global economy and promoting international economic and social growth, development, and cooperation), the International Secretariat (the provider of studies, information, facilities, and world status the IL depends on), the International Supreme Court (the main judical branch), the International League Protectorate Council (which aids third world countries in governing, though it acts more of the main controlling force in those countries, making the real governments more like figureheads), and the International League Freedom Defending Council (which helps maintain the ideals of freedom in the world, and develop them in areas who lack them).
Other IL agencies include the International League Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, the International League Food and Agriculture Organization, the International League Labour Union, the International League Civil Aviation Organization, the International League Maritime Organization, the International League Refugee Organization, the International League Organization Against Disease, the International League Atomic Energy Commission, the International League Children's Fund and Care, the International League Development Aid Organization, the International League Environment Organization, the International League Industry and Industrial Development Organization, the International League International Drug Control Union, the Worldwide Postal Organization, the Worldwide Health Union, the Worldwide Intellectual Property Union, the Worldwide Meteorological and Space Union, and the International Tourism Union.
The leader of the IL who is its most visible public figure is the General Minister. Currently, Newt Gringrich of America holds this position since 2007. The headquarters of the organization is located in Washington D.C. It also has main offices in Paris, Rome, Geneva, Beijing, Tokyo, Addis Ababa, Rio de Janeiro, New York City, and Jerusalem. Funding for the organization comes from its member states. It has seven official languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Japanese, Portuguese, and Spanish.
Legal Basis of Establishment
The International League's system is based on its six principal branches: the General Assembly, the Security Council, the International Economic and Social Assembly, the International Secretariat, and the International Supreme Court.
The General Assembly, and the International Secretariat, and Security Council are located at the main International League Headquarters located at International Capital in Washington D.C. The International Supreme Court is located in Geneva, while the International Economic and Social Assembly is located in Paris. Its major agencies are located at IL offices at Paris, Rome, Geneva, Beijing, Tokyo, Addis Ababa, Rio de Janeiro, New York City, and Jerusalem. Other IL institutions are located around the world.
The seven official languages of the International League, which is used in intergovernmental meetings and documents, are Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Japanese, Portuguese, and Spanish. The Secretariat uses two of those languages: English and French. The four other official languages are the national languages of the Security Council's permanent members; though Spanish, Arabic, and Portuguese are the three largest official language blocs outside the Security Council's permanent members. All of the official languages were chosen when the IL was found. According to the International League Editorial Guide, it explains that the standard for English language documents is the American usage and American English.
The International General Assembly (IGA/GA) is one of the seven principal branches of the United Nations and is the only branch that allows all member nations to have equal representation. Its purpose is to oversee the International league’s budget, appoint non-permanent members to the International Security Council, receive reports from parts of the world and solve crises through International Resolutions. It also established a wide number of agencies in the organization.
The head of the General Assembly is its president, officially known as the International Secretariat. The General Assembly meets every month to address certain issues from humanitarian crises to terrorist groups. It can also hold special and emergency sessions in times such as war or other things. The composition, functions, powers, voting, and procedures are laid out according to Chapter IV of the International League Charter.
The first meeting of the General Assembly took place in the Palace of Conventions in Geneva on January 1st, 1949. After the completion of the World Capital District in Washington D.C., the headquarters of the General Assembly moved there. At that time, it included representatives from ten nations.
Voting in the General Assembly on important issues ranging from recommendations on peace and security to allow military intervention is often talked and voted about. The election of members to organs, admission, suspension, and expulsion of members, budgetary matters, and humanitarian aid is also talked about. A majority vote is require to pass a resolution, with the majority opposition means the resolution can be permanently turned down or modified to satisfy some more members. Each member country has up to one vote. Other than budgetary issues, Assembly resolutions do not bind on the members. The Assemble does make recommendations on any matters within the IL with the exception of the matters of peace and security, which is considered by the Security Council. The one state, one vote power allows states to have equal voting power in the IL regardless of size, power, or population.
Since the end of the Cold War, the Assembly became a forum for the issue of world demilitarization between the two former sides (France and America and their allies) of the Cold War. The issues include nuclear weapons and certain other powerful WMDs due to the massive stockpile left behind from the Cold War. Also, the growth of the IL from ten nations to 22 nations forced them to establish the First Group of 11, which was consisted of developed countries, while another group called the Second Group of 11, was made up of the least developed countries. For many countries, the IL is the place where they have the most diplomatic influence and the principal outlet for their foreign policies and relationships.
International Supreme Court
International Economic and Social Assembly
First Group of 11
Second Group of 11
Goals and Objectives
Peacekeeping and Security
Human Rights and Humanitarian Assistance
Social and Economic Development
Putting Green on Blue