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The International Federation of the Red Cross (IFRC) is an independent humanitarian organization based out of Geneva, Alpine Confederation, with the purpose of promoting the interests of mankind internationally. Although the two organizations that the IFRC was created from were founded in 1863 and 1919, the IFRC was founded September 30, 1983 following Doomsday. Notably, the IFRC is the parent-body for most national divisions of the Red Cross.
The Red Cross movement began in 1863, with the creation of the International Committee of the Red Cross. This movement began in Geneva, Switzerland, and has since spread worldwide.
In 1919, Britain, France, Italy, Japan, and the US met to create the League of Red Cross Societies. Its goal was to fund existing Red Cross Societies, and to encourage the establishment of more Societies.
These two organizations operated relatively peacefully (although they were originally rivals). They both served and sent aid during World War II.
For the most part they served different roles. The ICRC was dedicated to war-time relief efforts and the LORC was dedicated to peaceful humanitarian efforts.
Since both organizations were based out of Geneva, Switzerland, their headquarters remained safe during Doomsday. Immediately following Doomsday (Sept. 30, 1983), Alexandre Hay (President, ICRC) and Enrique de la Mata (President, LORC) met and agreed to combine the two organizations into the International Federation of the Red Cross. The unified IFRC has served ever since in every way possible, mostly through existing national divisions of the Federation.
The IFRC is organized into two levels, and each level is organized the same way. The first level is the International Federation, and the second level is the National Division.
The International Federation helps with organizing international relief efforts, war efforts and getting international volunteers for a nation in need. The National Divisions run daily operations within their nation. Food distribution, blood donations, and health, safety and CPR instruction.
Both the International Federation and all of the National Divisions are organized in a universal system, with a Directorate, Assembly and President.
The Directorate is the executive body of the Federation, and is headed by the Director-General. While the Assembly sets policy, the Directorate is dedicated to daily operations. Under the Director-General are the Directors of Operations, Relief, Volunteerism and Human Resources, Finance, Communication, Law, and the UN Liaison.
The Assembly, sometimes called the Committee, is made up of members from each nation with a recognized National Division of the Red Cross.
The Assembly determines the policies about responding to wars and natural disaster, but ultimately the Director-General has to make the call to send aid or not. The Assembly can force the Directorate to send aid, however, if they define a crisis as one of the aims and goals for the year.
The President of the International Federation of the Red Cross is elected by the Assembly to lead the Assembly. The President doesn't have to be a member of the Assembly, but must be hold a MD or Ph.D. equivalent. Oftentimes, Surgeon-Generals from various nations are elected to the Presidency of the IFRC.
Programs and Logos
The IFRC is a sponsor of a number of programs designed at helping the post-Doomsday world in all humanitarian ways.
Together for Humanity
The Together for Humaity Program is a recent program based off of the 2012 IFRC Conference in Geneva, Alpine Confederation. The two key points of Together for Humanity, as laid out in the Conference are:
- Limiting the suffering caused by family separation and the persistent tragedy of persons missing in connection with armed conflict or other situations of armed violence
- Reducing the human costs of the uncontrolled availability and misuse of weapons in armed conflicts
Doctors Without BordersThe Doctors Without Borders Program began in 1971 as an individual entity, but in 1983, Rony Brauman, the organization's President, asked to join the newly formed IFRC. The Doctors Without Borders Program has been a huge success, and was the inspiration for the rival MediFleet.
The Program's goals are:
- To provide safe and effective medical care throughout the world
- To reduce the harmful effects of nuclear radiation internationally
- To advocate for peaceful migrations and a reduction in international and local war efforts
- To provide for and equip impoverished people worldwide by providing nutritious food
Habitat for HumanityThe Habitat for Humanity Program, similarly to the Doctors Without Borders Program, began before Doomsday, and had the purpose of creating homes for people who otherwise couldn't afford to have a home. John Reckford, the CEO of the organization approached the IFRC about adopting the program in 1984, and it has been in place under the IFRC banner ever since.
The mission statement of the Habitat for Humanity Program is:
- Seeking to put God's love into action, the Habitat for Humanity Program bring people together to build homes for families that would otherwise be homeless, build communities and neighborhoods based on mutual care and love, and build hope in the live of all recipients and volunteers.
Quite notably, the IFRC has a large scale rivalry with the International Committee of the Red Cross and Red Crescent. While they attempt to not get into any large scale disputes during an emergency, the tension is commonly present.
MediFleet is a branch of the rival International Committee, which is akin to the IFRC's Doctor's Without Borders Program.