The Insectus Empire is a fairly new nation, formed in the 1960s but with roots stretching very far back.
The evolutionary history of the Insectus Empire is unclear. They come from the planet Talloke, a world smaller than Earth with a very dense atmosphere. At the time, the planet was recovering from a global "sand age", when deserts expanded and water became very scarse. This event caused the Oulmaak Extinction Event, which wiped out 57% of all life on the planet. As life recovered and jungles expanded, somewhere in the chaos one of the large insect-like life forms populating the world started to become smarter. These creatures were as big as a table at the time, and thanks to the influx of water and oxygen in the wake of the extinction event they were starting to grow larger. It is unclear when, but at most 3 million years ago, the proto-Insectus started to use tools. However, as desert-like conditions temporarily returned (it is unclear whether this was a distinct extinction event or the end of the Oulmaak event), they had to rely on brainpower or die out. The only Insectus ancestors we know of are Insectus habilis and Insectus gigantis in human scientific terms. The Insectus names for them are unknown, but "Falkop" seems to be the word for I. gigantis and is considered a derogatory term, much like "Neanderthal" in human terms. It is suspected that the Insectus themselves know far more about their evolution but usually don't talk about it to outsiders. Some believe that there was another species called the Insectus aerialus but the claims are uncertain. However, their history becomes more clear by about 25,000 years ago. Apparenty, by that time, there was only Insectus intellectus zenithus, the modern-day Insectus race, and Insectus intellectus 'proeliator, a species quite similar to the modern-day Insectus. Both evolved, or at least lived on, the continent of Akkata, the most desert-like existing Insectus continent. Apparently, the Insectus take pride in the little-known Race Wars between the two races, which ended in the destruction of I. i. proeliator and modern Insectus taking control of the world. However, it is unclear if the Race Wars actually happened or if they were just an Insectus legend. In any sense, if the Race Wars did happen, the details are unclear outside the empire, and we will probably never know the whole story, like how many wars occurred or the battles, the heroes and the stories that the Insectus celebrate. We only know one tale about a certain "king", a status now, of course, non-existent, known as Agabal, who apparently led the Insectus of a city to freedom against the proeliator that had conquered them years before and formed a city-state before the proeliator killed him and captured the city again. This seems to prove that civilization had formed even in those ancient times. However, as the Race Wars may have been fictitious, we cannot be sure. We can, however, say that I. i. proeliator was real, as their exoskeletons are displayed at several Insectus museums. And we do know that by 18,000 years ago, the last of the proeliator had been wiped out. Thus, the evolutionary past of the Insectus now turns into the ancient history, if not the prehistory.
The prehistory of the Insectus is pretty much totally unknown. We aren't even sure if it actually occurred. Supposing that the legends of the Race Wars above are true, then the Insectus already had a civilization around the time usually called prehistory. All we know is that between around 18,000 and 7,000 years ago, the Insectus may have been a hunter-gatherer society who then came to rule all of Talloke. After 7,000 years ago, if the Race Wars are fictitious, then the first city-state was formed on the continent of Andbarra in what is known as 5300 B.H. (Before Horus) and was ruled by King Aball, a celebrated character in Insectus history. He lived for many years and, after he died, was eventually mummified and buried in a fashion similar to that of the Ancient Egyptians. The mummy is on display at the Imperial Museum of Galactic History in Andbar. Hunter-gatherer societies persisted up to about 3000 BH. The last confirmed tribe was conquered by the Queendom of Attarak by 2974 BH. Insectus legend states that hunter-gatherer tribes lasted until the creation of the Galactic Queendom itself at 47 GH (Galactic History) on the continent of Tambaaran. However, non-hunter gatherer tribes may have persisted up to the start of the Second Queen War. In any case, the traditional prehistoric era of the Insectus, if it occurred at all, was over by 2000 BH.
Ancient History (Before Horus)
The origins of the Insectus being unclear, the following account is the most believable of the various legends surrounding the birth of Aball. In 5321 BH, King Aball, one of the early kings of Talloke before the Age of Queens began, was born to a chieftain who's name was unknown and a woman who, according to records, was called Saren. Saren has been credited by some sources as being the first queen, even though most records state the first true queen was Mara in 4890 BH. Aball's father died three days after Aball was born during a raid by an enemy tribe. In some legends, the tribe was believed to be proeliator, but as proeliator was extinct by then, these accounts are obviously folklore and not of historical interest. In any sense, Aball's father died in a raid and his older brother Dakub came into power. At the age of seven, Aball became chieftain when his brother died in a raid on the enemy tribe made in vengeance. Most legends state that here he was contacted by a god of one of the religions of the Insectus, but most agree that the vision was either mere legend or induced by hallucinogenic plants like tarr or andbuuk. In any sense, all the legends indicate Aball was contacted by some god who told him to build a city and come to rule the stars. Aball started a spree of conquering, massacring the tribe that killed his father and brother and taking over or uniting with various tribes in the region. By 5309 BH, he had taken over or allied with every tribe in a 100 mile radius. His village grew massively in size and power and soon became a city, Andbar. He founded the first city-state and became king. Andbar became a city sometime around 5300 BH, though records on the subject vary as to the exact date. Saren became queen and second in command of the city. She married another man, who's name may have been Ectak. They had a son, Ectak II, who became the next in line to the throne. Ectak I became third in command and Saren fourth. The jealous Aball secretly had Ectak I killed in 5287 BH and framed Ectak II for the crime, having him executed. The grieving Saren died, some say of a broken heart, others say by suicide or by a lethal overdose of tarr and ruffak, a drink similar to whiskey on Earth. Aball married a woman named Asala, chieftainess of a tribe he had allied with, and the had a son named Aball II. However, in 5249 BH, Prince Aball II was captured by an alliance of tribes formed against Andbar and tortured to death over two weeks. Aball declared war on the Tamra Alliance and had captured all of Andbarra by the time he died of old age in 5219 BH. He was buried in a tomb built by Asala, who came to rule Andbar before her death twenty five years later of old age and internal damage caused by consumption of ruffak and andbuuk after her husband's death. She was succeeded by Ectak's secret son, Ectak III, known as Ectak the Bloodthirsty. He was known for ripping the heads off of his enemies and drinking their blood as they died. His foes went through horrible, brutal tortures and were killed. After his death, the history of Andbar is unclear until the birth of Queen Mara in 4890 BH. We know that this was the time the other five kingdoms of Talloke appeared, as well as hundreds of smaller ones and the first and only republics, theocracies and democracies. But their history has been forgotten since their fall at the hands of Queen Embris and the only surviving records appear after Mara was born.
Queen Mara was born in 4890 BH, give or take 2-5 years, to King Akagal II and Queen Illatarm IV. She grew up watching Akagal II abuse her mother and date other ladies, including Karupatra, whom he may have had a baby with. History debates this, as well as claims that the Illiad dynasty itself was descended from this child, the name of which is believed to have been Saphiris. In any sense, in 4884 BH, while Akagal II was reportedly raping her mother, Mara had enough. She sent a servant to give her father a glass of ruffak which contained some kintalst, a deadly poison made from andbuuk roots. Akagal II died in minutes. Illatarm IV died a few months later, unable to sustain the abuse of her husband. Mara came to power and swore she would never let this happen again. She declared that the roles would be reversed and queens would rule whereas kings would be next in line unless there was a daughter that could rule too. She sent out missionaries to implement this rule, beginning the brutal War of Queens, which lasted sixty years. The last king, Tobal I of the continent Arvast, was stabbed in the thorax by a traitor among his servants and bled to death in 4824 BH. His son was beheaded by the same traitor and his wife Saman came to power. The end of the Age of Kings had come, and the Age of Queens was about to start. Three years later, in 4827 BH, Mara was informed that among her servants was an anti-queen rebel that wanted her dead. She paid very close attention to her servants after that, and something strange happened. She soon found she could see inside their minds and manipulate their thoughts. She used this to find and kill the traitor, giving him an aneurysm. She formed a primitive hive mind of three servants before she was killed by a collapsing statue in an earthquake in 4807 BH. The Age of Queens after that is well documented but of little interest and far too long to include here. The first hive mind inspired sorcerers to start using this art. But queens only really started using hive minds by **** BH.
The pre-Horus era after that, though well documented, is of little interest. However, when Horus was born, the world of Talloke was permanently changed.
Reign of Horus (RH)
Horus was born in 0 RH, and she had a vision. As she grew up, she saw how the 24/7 war with the four other Queendoms wore down her mother, Queen Aryllisthiometer VII, and her older sister, Aryllisthiometer VIII. She also grew up surrounded by the wonder of her mother's space program, and soon had designed a brilliant plan for a mighty Queendom stretching across the stars. After her mother cancelled the program due to financial stress, Horus was heartbroken. When Aryllisthiometer VIII died of a terrible disease called Rostragothic skin rot and her mother resigned after losing control of her hive mind to a rebellious worker, Horus took control and had the worker, self-proclaimed Queen Borealis, destroyed. Horus took back the hive mind and realized that now, as queen, she could create the Galactic Queendom she had dreamed about. By 27 RH, her spaceships had reached Talloke's twin moons, Dominius and Astrogothia. A missile carrying space station fleet soon threatened the other Queendoms with annihilation, and they surrendered to the rule of Andbar. Horus suppressed revolution after revolution and ultimately became known as a kind and wise ruler. Her reign lasted for many, many years, as did her Queendom stretch many light years. Soon, she encountered the Regenetech Empire and formed a friendship. For more info on her reign, see the Species Page of Battle for Earth Revised.