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Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia) is a nation comprised of a major archipelago, and is located dually in extreme Southeast Asia and northern Oceania, roughly bisected by the equator, which passes through Sumatra and Borneo. Indonesia has a population of over 114 million, making it the 12th largest nation in the world by population, much of which is centered on Sumatra. It shares its only land border with the Philippine Empire to the north on both Borneo and Celebes, and maritime borders with West Australia across the Sunda Strait to the east.
The nation was largely the focus of the vicious 1972-79 Indonesian War, sparked by Philippine aggression in its takeover of Borneo, which threatened to engulf the entire region under Philippine imperial rule. The 1979 Treaty of Singapore, which ended the war, allowed the Philippines to retain the regions of Borneo already under their control, while giving Indonesia a measure of peace and allowing them to rebuild the island's devastated infrastructure. As a result, Indonesia has remained classified as a developing nation due to its rather laborious recovery and the rogue terrorists and Philippine deserters who have since formed multiple guerrilla resistance groups in the mountains of central Borneo.