India Nov 1939
Indian general election, May 1939
All 321 seats to the Indian Legislative Assembly
May-June 1939
First party Second party Third party
Leader Abul Kalam Azad Muhammad Ali Jinnah Subhas Chandra Bose
Party [[Indian National Congress|Template:Indian National Congress/meta/shortname]] [[All India Muslim League|Template:All India Muslim League/meta/shortname]] [[All India Forward Bloc|Template:All India Forward Bloc/meta/shortname]]
Leader since 1939 1935 1939
Leader's seat West Calcutta 1st Sind Muslim Seat Bengal 4th
Seats before NA NA NA
Seats won 98 53 45
Seat change +98 +53 +45
Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
Leader Tara Singh Percival Joseph Griffiths Madhav Shrihari Aney
Party [[Akali Dal|Template:Akali Dal/meta/shortname]] [[Europeans Party|Template:Europeans Party/meta/shortname]] [[Congress Nationalist Party|Template:Congress Nationalist Party/meta/shortname]]
Leader since 1930 1939 1934
Leader's seat 1st Punjab Sikh Seat 1st Bihar European Seat Berar 3rd
Seats before NA NA NA
Seats won 35 27 26
Seat change +35 +27 +26

Prime Minister-elect
Jawaharlal Nehru
[[Indian national Congress|Template:Indian national Congress/meta/shortname]]

The May 1939 Indian general election resulted in a hung Parliament.


The election occurred in the midst of great political instability following the collapse of the British Raj following the fall of the United Kingdom, with many Muslims calling for independence, the elections were held in an attempt to fill the power vacuum which had emerged.


The elections resulted in a hung Parliament in which the Indian National Congress (INC) was the largest party but was still almost 90 seats short of a majority. In the coalition negotiations that followed the Muslim League, Akali Dal, and Europeans Party called for greater decentralisation which was ruled by the INC and the other Hindu political parties which held 169 seats in the Legislative Assembly, leader to a political deadlock in which no majority coalition could be formed, leading to snap elections in November.

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