|Nov 1939 ›|
|Indian general election, May 1939|
|All 321 seats to the Indian Legislative Assembly|
|First party||Second party||Third party|
|Leader||Abul Kalam Azad||Muhammad Ali Jinnah||Subhas Chandra Bose|
|Party||[[Indian National Congress|Template:Indian National Congress/meta/shortname]]||[[All India Muslim League|Template:All India Muslim League/meta/shortname]]||[[All India Forward Bloc|Template:All India Forward Bloc/meta/shortname]]|
|Leader's seat||West Calcutta||1st Sind Muslim Seat||Bengal 4th|
|Fourth party||Fifth party||Sixth party|
|Leader||Tara Singh||Percival Joseph Griffiths||Madhav Shrihari Aney|
|Party||[[Akali Dal|Template:Akali Dal/meta/shortname]]||[[Europeans Party|Template:Europeans Party/meta/shortname]]||[[Congress Nationalist Party|Template:Congress Nationalist Party/meta/shortname]]|
|Leader's seat||1st Punjab Sikh Seat||1st Bihar European Seat||Berar 3rd|
The May 1939 Indian general election resulted in a hung Parliament.
The election occurred in the midst of great political instability following the collapse of the British Raj following the fall of the United Kingdom, with many Muslims calling for independence, the elections were held in an attempt to fill the power vacuum which had emerged.
The elections resulted in a hung Parliament in which the Indian National Congress (INC) was the largest party but was still almost 90 seats short of a majority. In the coalition negotiations that followed the Muslim League, Akali Dal, and Europeans Party called for greater decentralisation which was ruled by the INC and the other Hindu political parties which held 169 seats in the Legislative Assembly, leader to a political deadlock in which no majority coalition could be formed, leading to snap elections in November.