|‹ 1996 2006 ›|
|Indian general election, 2001|
|All 465 seats to the Indian Legislative Assembly|
|First party||Second party||Third party|
|Leader||Sonia Gandhi||Syed Shah Mardan Shah-II||Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
|Party||[[Indian National Congress|Template:Indian National Congress/meta/shortname]]||[[All India Muslim League|Template:All India Muslim League/meta/shortname]]||[[Progressive Party|Template:Progressive Party/meta/shortname]]|
|Fourth party||Fifth party||Sixth party|
|Leader||Trevor Wynne||Surjit Singh Barnala||H. D. Deve Gowda|
|Party||Liberal Party||[[Akali Dal|Template:Akali Dal/meta/shortname]]||[[Praja Socialist Party|Template:Praja Socialist Party/meta/shortname]]|
|Leader's seat||2nd Ceylon European Seat||Firozpur Rural||Holenarasipura|
Previous Prime Minister
The 2001 Indian general election saw the governing INC narrowly miss winning a majority.
Following the 1996 general election the INC has governed as a minority government reliant on support from Akali Dal, whilst the opposition Praja Socialist Party suffered further reversals in its fortunes as more prominent members joined the Progressive Party.
The INC made further gains, only narrowly missing a majority, and was able to govern as a minority government once more, whilst the Praja Socialist Party saw a second major setback, losing many seats to the Progressive Party.