1996 India 2006
Indian general election, 2001
All 465 seats to the Indian Legislative Assembly
August-September 2006
First party Second party Third party
Leader Sonia Gandhi Syed Shah Mardan Shah-II Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Party [[Indian National Congress|Template:Indian National Congress/meta/shortname]] [[All India Muslim League|Template:All India Muslim League/meta/shortname]] [[Progressive Party|Template:Progressive Party/meta/shortname]]
Leader since 1992 1981 1996
Leader's seat Amethi Umerkot Lucknow
Seats before 220 45 31
Seats won 229 54 53
Seat change +9 +9 +22
Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
Leader Trevor Wynne Surjit Singh Barnala H. D. Deve Gowda
Party Liberal Party [[Akali Dal|Template:Akali Dal/meta/shortname]] [[Praja Socialist Party|Template:Praja Socialist Party/meta/shortname]]
Leader since 2000 1985 1995
Leader's seat 2nd Ceylon European Seat Firozpur Rural Holenarasipura
Seats before 43 41 84
Seats won 49 46 32
Seat change +6 +5 -52

Previous Prime Minister
Sonia Gandhi
[[Indian national Congress|Template:Indian national Congress/meta/shortname]]

Prime Minister-elect
Sonia Gandhi
[[Indian national Congress|Template:Indian national Congress/meta/shortname]]

The 2001 Indian general election saw the governing INC narrowly miss winning a majority.


Following the 1996 general election the INC has governed as a minority government reliant on support from Akali Dal, whilst the opposition Praja Socialist Party suffered further reversals in its fortunes as more prominent members joined the Progressive Party.


The INC made further gains, only narrowly missing a majority, and was able to govern as a minority government once more, whilst the Praja Socialist Party saw a second major setback, losing many seats to the Progressive Party.

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