1991 India 2001
Indian general election, 1996
All 465 seats to the Indian Legislative Assembly
August-September 1996
First party Second party Third party
Leader Sonia Gandhi H. D. Deve Gowda Syed Shah Mardan Shah-II
Party [[Indian National Congress|Template:Indian National Congress/meta/shortname]] [[Praja Socialist Party|Template:Praja Socialist Party/meta/shortname]] [[All India Muslim League|Template:All India Muslim League/meta/shortname]]
Leader since 1992 1995 1981
Leader's seat Amethi Holenarasipura Umerkot
Seats before 172 171 42
Seats won 220 84 45
Seat change +48 -87 +3
Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
Leader Charles Stanford Surjit Singh Barnala Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Party Liberal Party [[Akali Dal|Template:Akali Dal/meta/shortname]] [[Progressive Party|Template:Progressive Party/meta/shortname]]
Leader since 1975 1985 1996
Leader's seat 1st Bengal European Seat Firozpur Rural Lucknow
Seats before 39 40 NA
Seats won 43 41 31
Seat change +4 +1 +31

Previous Prime Minister
H. D. Deve Gowda
[[Praja Socialist Party|Template:Praja Socialist Party/meta/shortname]]

Prime Minister-elect
Sonia Gandhi
[[Indian national Congress|Template:Indian national Congress/meta/shortname]]

The 1996 Indian general election resulted in a victory for the INC which reentered government following 5 years in opposition.


Following the death of the incumbent Prime Minister Morarji Desai, his Praja Socialist descended into infighting with many of the parties more centrist elements splitting from the party to form the Progressive Party, damaging the credibility of the party and its new leader, H. D. Deve Gowda, as it entered the election campaign.


The election resulted in the INC reentering government as a minority government with support from Akali Dal whilst the Praja Socialist was ousted from power losing more than half its seats.

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