1989 India 1996
Indian general election, 1991
All 465 seats to the Indian Legislative Assembly
July-August 1991
First party Second party Third party
Leader P. V. Narasimha Rao Morarji Desai Syed Shah Mardan Shah-II
Party [[Indian National Congress|Template:Indian National Congress/meta/shortname]] [[Praja Socialist Party|Template:Praja Socialist Party/meta/shortname]] [[All India Muslim League|Template:All India Muslim League/meta/shortname]]
Leader since 1991 1968 1981
Leader's seat Nandyal Surat Umerkot
Seats before 206 15 94
Seats won 172 171 42
Seat change -34 +156 -61
Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
Leader Surjit Singh Barnala Charles Stanford Chandra Rajeswara Rao
Party [[Akali Dal|Template:Akali Dal/meta/shortname]] Liberal Party [[Communist Party|Template:Communist Party/meta/shortname]]
Leader since 1985 1975 1978
Leader's seat Firozpur Rural 1st Bengal European Seat Hyderabad City East (Lost reelection)
Seats before 71 29 49
Seats won 40 39 2
Seat change -31 +10 -47

Previous Prime Minister
P. V. Narasimha Rao
[[Indian national Congress|Template:Indian national Congress/meta/shortname]]

Prime Minister-elect
Morarji Desai
[[Praja Socialist Party|Template:Praja Socialist Party/meta/shortname]]

The 1991 Indian general election saw the INC remain the largest party in the Legislative Assembly, but only by a single seat.


The 1991 election was held following the death of the incumbent Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, leading to his successor calling a snap election to gain a mandate to govern.


The election saw the Praja Socialist Party surge into second place, only 1 seat behind the INC, enabling it to form a minority government with support from the Muslim League and Liberal Party.

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