1984 India 1991
Indian general election, 1989
All 465 seats to the Indian Legislative Assembly
November-December 1989
First party Second party Third party
Leader Rajiv Gandhi Syed Shah Mardan Shah-II Surjit Singh Barnala
Party [[Indian National Congress|Template:Indian National Congress/meta/shortname]] [[All India Muslim League|Template:All India Muslim League/meta/shortname]] [[Akali Dal|Template:Akali Dal/meta/shortname]]
Leader since 1984 1981 1985
Leader's seat Amethi Umerkot Firozpur Rural
Seats before 204 93 75
Seats won 206 94 71
Seat change +2 +1 -4
Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
Leader Chandra Rajeswara Rao Charles Stanford Morarji Desai
Party [[Communist Party|Template:Communist Party/meta/shortname]] Liberal Party [[Praja Socialist Party|Template:Praja Socialist Party/meta/shortname]]
Leader since 1978 1975 1968
Leader's seat Hyderabad City East 1st Bengal European Seat Surat
Seats before 47 29 17
Seats won 49 29 15
Seat change +2 -2

Previous Prime Minister
Rajiv Gandhi
[[Indian national Congress|Template:Indian national Congress/meta/shortname]]

Prime Minister-elect
Rajiv Gandhi
[[Indian national Congress|Template:Indian national Congress/meta/shortname]]

The 1989 Indian general election was the first election since the 1971 general election to be brought about by the expiration of a Parliament's term.


The INC had formed a minority supported by Akali Dal since the 1982 election and sought a renewed term for this government following the expiration of the Legislative Assembly's term.


The election was once again largely a repeat of the previous two elections with INC minority continuing in power.

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