1974 India 1982
Indian general election, 1979
All 465 seats to the Indian Legislative Assembly
February-March 1979
First party Second party Third party
Leader Indira Gandhi Abdul Qayyum Khan Harcharan Singh Longowal
Party [[Indian National Congress|Template:Indian National Congress/meta/shortname]] [[All India Muslim League|Template:All India Muslim League/meta/shortname]] [[Akali Dal|Template:Akali Dal/meta/shortname]]
Leader since 1966 1970 1971
Leader's seat Rae Bareli Mardan-cum-Hazara Faridkot
Seats before 239 43 21
Seats won 223 102 80
Seat change -16 +59 +59
Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
Leader Chandra Rajeswara Rao Charles Stanford J. B. Kripalani
Party [[Communist Party|Template:Communist Party/meta/shortname]] Liberal Party [[Praja Socialist Party|Template:Praja Socialist Party/meta/shortname]]
Leader since 1978 1975 1968
Leader's seat Hyderabad City East 1st Bengal European Seat Amroha
Seats before 52 51 3
Seats won 30 23 7
Seat change -22 -28 +4

Previous Prime Minister
Indira Gandhi
[[Indira Gandhi|Template:Indira Gandhi/meta/shortname]]

Prime Minister-elect
Indira Gandhi
[[Indian national Congress|Template:Indian national Congress/meta/shortname]]

The 1979 Indian general election saw the INC form a minority government.


Following the 1974 general election the INC had launched a boundary review to continue the process which had brought about the fall of the previous 4 party coalition government, this proved to be highly contentious with the new boundaries greatly increasing Hindu representation at the expense of European and other minority groups, leading to outrage within these groups.


The INC lost its majority but was able to remain in power as a minority government receiving outside support from the left wing parties in the Legislatve Assembly. The election also saw the division of seats amongst religious lines return, with the Muslim League winning almost every Muslim seat whilst Akali Dal won every Sikh seat. The election saw a catastrophic defeat for the Liberal whose defense of the European minority rights to greater representation saw it alienate many non-European votes, so whilst it may have again held all the European seats, the Liberals lost many of their other seats, more than halving their representation.

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