|‹ 1956 1964 ›|
|Indian general election, 1961|
|All 415 seats to the Indian Legislative Assembly|
|First party||Second party||Third party|
|Leader||Jawaharlal Nehru||Shripad Amrit Dange||Chaudhry Muhammad Ali|
|Party||[[Indian National Congress|Template:Indian National Congress/meta/shortname]]||[[Communist Party|Template:Communist Party/meta/shortname]]||[[All India Muslim League|Template:All India Muslim League/meta/shortname]]|
|Leader's seat||Phulpur||Bombay City North||Bahawalpur|
|Fourth party||Fifth party||Sixth party|
|Leader||Kingston Martel||Teja Singh Akarpuri||Basawon Singh|
|Party||Liberal Party||[[Akali Dal|Template:Akali Dal/meta/shortname]]||[[Praja Socialist Party|Template:Praja Socialist Party/meta/shortname]]|
|Leader's seat||1st Madras European Seat||Gurdaspur||Hajipur|
|Seats before||40||31||10 (Socialist Party)|
Previous Prime Minister
The 1961 Indian general election saw the INC lose its Parliamentary majority but remain in government leading a coalition with the Praja Socialist Party.
In the previous election the INC had won a Parliamentary majority and had governed as a single Party. A significant change on the Political scene was the replacement of the Socialist Party with the Praja Socialist Party.
Whilst the INC lost its majority in Parliament as the opposition parties made gains, the INC was able to continue in government through a coalition with the Praja Socialist Party.