1952 India 1956
Indian general election, 1955
All 415 seats to the Indian Legislative Assembly
April-May 1955
First party Second party Third party
Leader Jawaharlal Nehru Mohammad Ali Bogra Shripad Amrit Dange
Party [[Indian National Congress|Template:Indian National Congress/meta/shortname]] [[All India Muslim League|Template:All India Muslim League/meta/shortname]] [[Communist Party|Template:Communist Party/meta/shortname]]
Leader since 1947 1953 1948
Leader's seat Phulpur Bogra Bombay City North
Seats before 152 88 40
Seats won 160 76 54
Seat change +8 -12 +14
Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
Leader Teja Singh Akarpuri Stuart Graves Jayaprakash Narayan
Party [[Akali Dal|Template:Akali Dal/meta/shortname]] Liberal Party [[Socialist Party|Template:Socialist Party/meta/shortname]]
Leader since 1946 1951 1946
Leader's seat Gurdaspur 1st Ceylon European Seat Bhagalpur Cum Purnea
Seats before 55 40 34
Seats won 50 46 23
Seat change -5 +6 -11

Previous Prime Minister
Jawaharlal Nehru
[[Indian national Congress|Template:Indian national Congress/meta/shortname]]

Prime Minister-elect
Stuart Graves
Liberal Party

The 1955 Indian general election was triggered after the fall of the INC minority government.


Whilst the 1952 general election resulted in an INC minority government, which received support from the Communists, Socialists and Liberals, the INC had managed to alienate both the Communists, through its refusal to commit to higher welfare spending, and the Liberals, by the halving of the amount of seats reserved for Europeans from 40 to 20. This alienation of the Communists and the Liberals, led to them allying with the Muslim League in a no confidence motion against the government which passed after the Akali Dal abstained.


Whilst the INC made a net gain in seats during the election it saw itself losing power to a coalition of the Muslim League, Liberal Party and Communist Party receiving outside support from Akali Dal, however this coalition proved unstable and fresh elections were called for the new year following the coalition's breakdown over budget negotiations.

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