1948 India 1955
Indian general election, 1952
All 411 seats to the Indian Legislative Assembly
October-November 1952
First party Second party Third party
Leader Jawaharlal Nehru Khawaja Nazimuddin Teja Singh Akarpuri
Party [[Indian National Congress|Template:Indian National Congress/meta/shortname]] [[All India Muslim League|Template:All India Muslim League/meta/shortname]] [[Akali Dal|Template:Akali Dal/meta/shortname]]
Leader since 1947 1951 1946
Leader's seat Phulpur Central Dacca Gurdaspur
Seats before 134 92 57
Seats won 152 88 55
Seat change +18 -4 -2
Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
Leader Shripad Amrit Dange Stuart Graves Jayaprakash Narayan
Party [[Communist Party|Template:Communist Party/meta/shortname]] Liberal Party [[Socialist Party|Template:Socialist Party/meta/shortname]]
Leader since 1948 1951 1946
Leader's seat Bombay City North 1st Ceylon European Seat Bhagalpur Cum Purnea
Seats before 38 36 (European's Party) 30
Seats won 40 40 34
Seat change +2 +4 +4

Previous Prime Minister
Jawaharlal Nehru
[[Indian national Congress|Template:Indian national Congress/meta/shortname]]

Prime Minister-elect
Jawaharlal Nehru
[[Indian national Congress|Template:Indian national Congress/meta/shortname]]

The 1952 General election was won by the INC who made a net gain of 18 seats.


Since the 1948 election the INC had governed as a minority party and the 1952 election was the first election not brought about by the fall of a government. The most notable change on the political scene was the dissolution of the European's Party which was replaced by the Liberal Party, which as well as representing European Interests also aimed to appeal to the wider Indian electorate.


Following the election the INC minority was ably to continue with supports from the Left wing parties, all of whom gained seats. Whilst the Liberal Party managed to win every European seat, it failed to expand its support base to the wider Indian electorate.

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