May 1939 India 1948
Indian general election, 1945
All 321 seats to the Indian Legislative Assembly
June-July 1945
First party Second party Third party
Leader Abul Kalam Azad Muhammad Ali Jinnah Tara Singh
Party [[Indian National Congress|Template:Indian National Congress/meta/shortname]] [[All India Muslim League|Template:All India Muslim League/meta/shortname]] [[Akali Dal|Template:Akali Dal/meta/shortname]]
Leader since 1939 1935 1930
Leader's seat West Calcutta 1st Sind Muslim Seat 1st Punjab Sikh Seat
Seats before 102 72 42
Seats won 109 79 50
Seat change +7 +7 +8
Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
Leader Percival Joseph Griffiths N.E. Balaram Madhav Shrihari Aney
Party [[Europeans Party|Template:Europeans Party/meta/shortname]] [[Communist Party|Template:Communist Party/meta/shortname]] [[Congress Nationalist Party|Template:Congress Nationalist Party/meta/shortname]]
Leader since 1939 1939 1934
Leader's seat 1st Bihar European Seat Kerala 5th Berar 3rd
Seats before 29 2 34
Seats won 29 22 9

Previous Prime Minister
Jawaharlal Nehru
[[Indian national Congress|Template:Indian national Congress/meta/shortname]]

Prime Minister-elect
Jawaharlal Nehru
[[Indian national Congress|Template:Indian national Congress/meta/shortname]]

The 1945 Indian General election was the first held after the Second World War and resulted in another hung Parliament.


Throughout the Second World War India had been governed by a government of National Unity, however as the war came to a close the government fell apart and the Parliament, whose term had been extedn just six months earlier in November, was dissolved in May 1945.


The election resulted in a hung Parliament in which the various divisions in Indian society were represented greatly, with the Muslim League winning all but one Muslim Seat, the European's Party achieving the same in European Seats, Akali Dal winning every single Sikh seat whilst the Indian National Congress won a large majority of the Hindu seats. This fragmented nature of Parliament made coalition negotiations highly complex and whilst a tentative Congress- Muslim League coalition was eventually formed it ultimately fell apart in 1948, prompting early elections.

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