India is a nation in South Asia. It is the only Hindu-majority nation in the world. India in this form was created when the peoples of Maharashtra gained their independence from the Turkic Mughals and slowly began to replace them. By 1760, the capital of the Mughals was captured and by 1800, the Marathas were the premier empire in South Asia.
India has had a long and varied history, but its current incarnation is the result of an Indian region, Maharashtra, gaining independence from the Mughals. This region would, by 1760, conquer the Mughal Empire's capital, Delhi, and would then start to conquer the Durrani Empire. The Marathas did so and annexed all of it except for the regions that spoke Persian. By 1850, all of South Asia was under Maratha control. By then, however, a movement known as Nativism grew and this would eventually cause the Marathas to forcibly convert the Muslims and Christians of India to Sikhism, Jainism, and Hinduism. This was highly successful, although cruel, and India would slowly protest for democracy. This campaign was boosted when a sitting member of the Emperor's Court, Mohandas Gandhi, started to advocate for democracy. This would lead to democracy being established, with the Peshwa being elected by the people. The first elected Peshwa was Gandhi, who won in a landslide. However, by 1914, World War I started. India, wary of Britain and France, two powers which had to be overcome for unification, joined the Central Powers. India invaded Burma and, for a time, occupied it. However, Burma was reconquered by Britain and India, knowing it would lose, surrendered in 1919. As reparations, India paid Britain and France 100 tons of diamond each. India, with its large diamond reserves which it still holds today, easily gave Britain and France 100 tons of diamond. However, the humiliation led to a fascist movement known as the Azad Hind movement to gain followers in the Great Depression. When World War II began, Azad Hind immediately held much of Eastern India. This territory would be reconquered, however, with the entry of the US into the war. Indian troops assisted Britain in the reconquest of Burma, Hong Kong, Java, and Malaya and the Pacific front of WWII was over by Diwali 1944. This would help Gandhi's anti-colonialism marches. Post-war, however, India was in a poor state after the civil war. The US sent aid in the form of the Marshall Plan and India was in a state better than it once was. India, feeling indebted, became an ally of the US after WWII. This would be central in the Cold War. By the time it ended in 1996, the alliance was powerful. This would help the US in the War on Terror.