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The United Republic of India is a country that spans the entirety of the Indian subcontinent in South Asia. It is a second-tier world power and the world's second most populous nation. It is also major economic power, mainly due to the fact that Japan helped kickstart the Indian economy post-independence. Since independence, it has become heavily involved in all Asian matters, being a major part of AEC and APDO, and is generally considered a key member of the Pacific Bloc.
The struggle for independence had been ongoing since the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. In 1932, PanAsianism spread to India, and Gandhi became a believer, believing this was a way to ensure the British give independence to India. This lead to the Indo-Japan Pact in 1934, with Gandhi and Jinnah both present to discuss Japanese support for Indian independence with Japanese Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi. The main topic of discussion was to get Japanese support for independence, which they received with the signing of the Indo-Japan Pact by which Japan would politically support the Indian Independence movement. This meeting is also significant due to the fact that Jinnah dropped his want for an independent Muslim state due to the fact that it would be pointless with the PanAsian community around. Both leaders also became indoctrinated into the PanAsian community.
- See War of Indian Independence for full coverage of the war.
By the time WWII had started, the want for Independence in India increased significantly. Indian troops were deployed in Europe and Africa to the will of the British and this only helped fuel unrest. By 1943, independence started to seem like a dream on the verge of realization as the URI was declared from Colombo after its capture by Azad Hind and Japanese forces. The British finally surrendered to PanAsian forces on 31 December 1946, with independence being proclaimed on the first day of 1947.
Quit India & Domestic Unrest
In 1942, right in the midst of World War II, the Quit India movement began in which massive demonstrations for immediate independence paralyze British forces in the country. It was supported by both the INC and the Muslim League, but it resulted with the jailing of Gandhi and Jinnah.
Azad Hind Fauj
This lead to the founding of the Azad Hind Fauj, or the Indian National Army, in Sept 1942. Its soldiers were drawn from Indian prisoners of war in Southeast Asia. They were supported by the Japanese government and Indians living in SE Asia. In March 1943, Azad Hind, with Japanese help, carried out an invasion of Ceylon and moved all its troops and bases to focus on wiping out the British. By November, the British had surrendered and the independent United Republic of India was declared at Colombo. Eventually their control would grow to encompass the whole of South India before India was re-united under the URI banner.
Declaration of IndependenceWith the declaration of independence in Ceylon as the URI, a new wave of protests break out in India with West India breaking out into open revolt. The population of these regions, which was largely Punjabi and Kashmiri, hated British rule and represented a stronghold for the Muslim League. These revolts grew and by October 1944, Indian rebels managed to seize Lahore and raise the flag of United India with most of northwest India now under rebel control.
India is officially a Federation, although the centre has substantially more power than the states and in reality it is a "Quasi-Federation".
Indian politics is mainly dominated by ? main parties. These are the: Congress Party, Bharati Janta Party,
Muslim League, Bajrangdal
The native culture of the Indians is rich in colour and diversity. Indians are known to be proud of their culture and due to this, many Indian brands sell their merchandise abroad earning millions in revenue.
Along with native Indian dresses, many women also like to cloth themselves in fusion wear. Fusion wear is thought to be of mainly two types: a fusion of Indian and Western clothes and a fusion of Indian and Oriental clothes. Both these types are popular, along with saris, among the women of India.
After Independence, India has been in the limelight for territorial disputes quite a few times. Askai Chin on the Kishmiri-Tibetan border is claimed by both India and Tibet, but Tibet is in control of the area militarily.