| Independent State of Italy |
Stato Indipendente d'Italia
|Satellite State of Nazi Germany|
Fede, Speranza, Unità
"Faith, Hope, Unity"
|Capital|| Venice (de jure)
Brescia (de facto)
|Government||Single-party national socialist republic|
|Historical era||World War II|
|-||German invasion of Italy||December 1st, 1942|
In December of 1942, Germany invaded mainland Italy after the assassination of King Victor Emmanuel IV and the slaughter of much of the House of Savoy in the Raid of Ajaccio. Caught by surprise, the Germans made large gains in Northern Italy. By early 1943, with a few exceptions, the Italians had been pushed back across the Apennines and the occupying forces began to consolidate their gains.The ISI was proclaimed on 2 February, 1943. Although the ISI claimed the entire Italian peninsula, political control never even reached the capital as the Wehrmacht was turned back in the Battle of Rome. The state came to an end after the Italians retook Brescia and captured Rudolf Rahn. The republic had only received diplomatic recognition from Germany, Japan and their puppet states.