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|“|| Lasciate ogni speranza, voi ch'entrate
Abandon all hope, ye who enter here
Dante Alighieri, "Divine Comedy".
This ATL is translation of the russian ATL.
The author is Artyom Shirinsky.
This ATL is ASB biased, but the ASB impact is minimized and the ATL tries to be realistic (excluding a socialist revolution in the USA)
We hope the Americans reate to this TL, and of cource we answer every question on the talk page.
Point of Divergense
It was July 1933, and Leon Trotsky was peacefully sleeping in Paris. It appeared that the failed Soviet leader was absolutely calm. Suddenly, the room was illuminated by bright light, and struck Trotsky in the eyes. As Trotsky woke up, he saw the Glow under himself. Prompted by some strange feeling, he went towards it ...
We do not know what happened after that, but the next morning, Trotsky left Paris and went to Dunkirk, then to the United States. Already after the Second American Revolution, he told his comrades in private conversations that he spoke with unknown creatures which promised him "Victory in the most industrialized nation of the world"
July - september 1933: Second American Revolution
Trotsky arrives in America
9th of July Leon Trotsky comes to New York. Along the way, he gets false documents that allow him to deceive immigration services and get into the country. Throughout July, he looked for supporters among American people. Eventually he found them. Together, they formed Revolutionary Workers Party of America. It was the first big Trotskyist party of the world.
26th of August The Party orchestrated the murders of Franklin Delano Roosevelt and John Garner. The death of both the president and the vice president at this critical moment for the country destabilized the situation. The Congress appointed Rexford Tugwell as a temporary president with the hope of calming the people. James Patrick Cannon, in his newspaper "Militant," promised a socialist revolution in the nearest future.
28th august - 8 september: The calm before the storm.Tugwell came to the power in desperate times. His "New Deal" began to bring the country out of the crisis, but the people did't feel improvements on life. The RWPA capitalized on it by increasing the rate and aggressiveness of the agitation, and was gaining popularity. On September 2nd the Chicago strike started, and the president did not dare to use the police. Sensing their strength, the revolutionaries infiltrated into the trade unions and they organized protests. On 6th of September the strike went out of the police's control.
8th of September The Global strike started. Crowds of people went out on the streets, starting battles with the police and blockading roads. At an emergency meeting in the White House, it was decided to send National Guard in Chicago. They started an attack on the city, but then the troops faced with barricades. The soldiers did not expect resistance and stopped to wait for orders.
On the morning of September 9th, Chicago at last came under the control of the RWPA and its allies - the trade unions. Cannon led the Revolutionary Council of Workers, which took power in the city. At the same time, the Chief of the National Guard ordered to begin the assault. Government troops began to attack.
9th September - 15th September - Revolution
In Chicago, the crowd of desperate, unemployed and impoverished workers resisted the forces of the NG. Not until noon did the troops get into the city, but there they faced with even more resistance, forcing them to the suburbs.
10th of Septemder Leon Trotsky published a "Letter to the Workers of America." In the letter, he announced the beginning of the socialist revolution and called on everybody to man the barricades. He was supported by the majority of the trade unions, who launched an indefinite general strike.
11th - 12th September The US government started to use the army in Chicago to fight, but with no result. At the same time, the RWPA mutinied in New York City and San Francisco. Parts of the National Guard went to the revolutionary side. Cannon wrote, "We call to communists all over the World" out of the burning Chicago. The call required every conscious communists to go to the US to help the Revolution.
13th September Rebellion broke out across the States: and the army went out of control, and the National Guard had completely gone to the rebelion's side. Rexford Turgvell decided to call the UK for help, but all communications in the US capital were destroyed.
14th September Rebel Victory: every industrial state moved under the control of the RWPA, and the fight for the agrarian south began. Leon Trotsky arrived in the ruins of Chicago, and delivered the, "September Theses". At the same time, Turgvell gave the nation a call for peace. He said he was willing to transfer power to the revolutionaries, if it will help to avoid civil war.
15th September - Trotsky, Cannon and other leaders of the Revolution went to The White House. Turgvell gave them power and left. According to legend, when he was leaving, he said: "I am giving the post to a madman."
1933 - 1939: SUSA establishment
Time of troubles, I Congress of the PWPA
New country experienced numerous internal turmoil since September and to the end of October. Despite the fact that due the transition of the army to the side of the new government managed to prevent civil war, riots started. Different sects have declared holy war to "not our country" and began to arm themselves. The former masters from the Wall Street tried to escape, and some of them to sponsor anti-government demonstrations.
In such a complex situation, Trotsky established martial law, system of soviets which became governments. At the time of emergency also created the Panamerican Extraordinary Commission, which was entrusted to defend the revolution. Every old government structures had been dissolved.
Massive nationalization began - to 18 October almost every enterprises have moved to the state ownership. PEC proceeded to executions of the bourgeois and exploiters.
Such measures to November 1st, new power was definitively established. Washington opened I RWPA Congress .
I-st Congress of the Revolutionary Workers Party America
- Reconstruction of State (Speaker - Trotsky)
- Report of the Panamerican Extraordinary Commission (Speaker - Cannon)
- Project of superindustrialization of the States(Speaker - M.Eybern)
- Reform of the Armed Forces of the States (Speaker - ????).
As delegates were represented all the forces of the Revolution - RWPA, trade unions and small ultra-left parties. American Communist Party was banned for revisionism and it began crackdown for it.
Congress was drgged on. Issues about the capital, the army and the powers of the PEC long time have not been taken. But the decision about the Constitution super-industrialization were adopted in the first reading. Congress accedpted Cannon's constitution, that was based on old american constitution with some changes. the USA bacame the SUSA (Socialist United States of America). Also the cpngess accepted project of industrialisation.
On 3rd November total voting about the Army, the PEC, the Capital and the administartive division were appointed. Trotsky urged everyone to vote on the scheme: Army - reform, PEC - give more powers, the capital - Boston. One deputy from St. Louis suggested another variant. The army - voluntary, the PEC - abolish, the capital - build new in the centre of country.
- New Socialist Constitution ,that is based on the old one, was approved. In order to adapt to American realities, most of old communism terms changed names. Such as term "dictatorship of the proletariat" was replaced by "Democracy of the proletariat". All US Congress powers moved to the Panamerican Congress of People's Deputies. SUSA President became head and supervisor of legislative and executive.
- PEC was abolished, its functions have been transferred to the Red Army.
- Super-industrialization should be implemented as soon as possible.
- The capital was transferred to the Labour City (former New York City), as the largest city in the SUSA.
- Army reform started. This issue has caused heated debates, but in the end it was decided to start militarization.
- Administrative division was preserved.
After The Congress
November 6, The President Trotsky, addressing the nation, announced the start of super-industrialization. The Labour Army was organised. Trotsky created the American version of the State Planning Committee, which planned economy in the near future.
From November 1933 and up to July 1935 industrial potential of the States has increased several times. The country was changed - now the factories fill it. The only exception was Alaska, which was turned into a military camp because of proximity to the Soviet Union. There were deployed substantial forces of the navy and the army.
Nations of South and Central America became Sales markets and supplier of resources for a growing economy Socialist United States of America. In those nations revolution also occurred.
Foreign SUSA policy before the WarThe foreign policy of the new States was based on the theory of world revolution, according to which the workers won in one country should not stop, they must help revolutions in other countries.
From the December 1933 The SUSA began supporting revolutionary movements in Latin America. Seeing the success of the Trotskyists, a lot of Communist Parties (particularly in the Western Hemisphere) shifted to the Labour City instead of Moscow. This allowed in 1 January 1934 to create the Fourth International, which united most of the Trotskyist party in the world. Its head was the fellow campaigner Trotsky during the Revolution, James Patrick Cannon. Charter for the organization was written by the president the SUSA, and included the concept of mandatory help in the revolutionary struggle to the other communist Parties.
Very soon, that concept was executed: in March 1934 the revolution broke out in Brazil. It was supported by IV International, that sended volunteers and donations. When in 19 March fell Brasilia and the Socialistic Republic of Brazil was established, Trotsky appealed to all Latin Americans, urging them to follow the example of the Brazilians. Fire permanent revolution flared brighter, and the United States acted more impertinently.
In September 1934 Argentine Socialists rebelled. The government leaned on the counter-revolutionary elements among the peasantry and the clergy, trying to retain power. After that Trotsky had to actively intervene: SUSA Red Army troops directly intervened in the conflict. This led to the victory of the Socialist Party of Argentina.
From November 1934 to February 1935 activity of revolutionaries has increased significantly. The communist movement is got faith in the world revolution again. Trotsky popularity has increased many times over. During this time, the revolutions won in Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Venezuela. Latin America(Excluding Mexica) became a Trotskyist.
The reaction of Britain and France was swift - they have thrown military forces in Guinea and UK began to fortify Belize. The persecution of the communists in both countries only grew: for example, in France the communists wasnt not included in the "Popular Front"In Moscow, Stalin was dissatisfied with growing popularity of Trotskyism in the world. Comintern denounced the creation of IV International and forbade its members to participate in coalitions with the revisionists. It completely undermined the Stalinist position in Latin America. The Stalinists have lost public sympathy in favor of the Trotskyists
At the same time the SUSA security services started operation "Hidden Truth" which was directed against the Soviet Union. American Management hoped destabilize the USSR inside to later bring a new revolution in Russia. "To fulfill this goal we must use all means. Diversions, bribery, blackmail, murder and terrorist attacks, we can not stop.", Trotsky wrote. from 1935 to 1937 SUSA agents acted effectively. But later the Great Shoe started in USSR, during which the majority of Trotskyists were executed or exiled to GULAG.
Internal SUSA policy before the War
Within the country a huge propaganda machine started to work. It was created by the Office of Propaganda, which was instructed to look after the culture, education and mass media in the SUSA. State started to prepare the population for a new war, in which the old world would be burnt.
Even Hollywood started to work on propaganda. Were filming one after the other films about the Revolution and the Great Communist Future. The most significant films were: "Trotsky: A Biography of the Leader" and "In the fight for communism."
From 1935 increased pressure on the Soviet Union and personally Stalin in propaganda. He was declared a traitor to the Revolution, and the Soviet Union was accused of betraying the interests of the working class all over the world and building state capitalism. According to Trotsky, Stalin's regime was doomed to decay and death of the degeneration of party members in the new capitalists.
Under the new Constitution, Soviets local authorities. Depending on the terrain Soviets called in different ways, but the essence was one. Control over compliance with the law passed on to the American Proletarian Army, which supported the order by force of arms. Former PEC specialists helped Army in that task. They went into the army as military lawyers. This rigid control reduced the number of crimes at few times. As compared to the pre-revolutionary time, crime in America disappeared.
Also, for the first time in American history, it was introduced a system of universal and free health care. This made it possible to reduce mortality. The popularity of the government increased. It also started social programs that provide access to free education for all citizens. Trotsky-Burnham Government adopted a social package and became the most popularity government of the USA in the XX century.
At the same time began the onslaught on the traditional family values. Trotsky announced that in the future, the basic society unit would become commune. He also advocated glass of water theory, that denies the love between men and women and reduces all gender relations to the satisfaction of the sexual needs. The first acts designed to undermine the tradition, was the law of the September 8th 1934 which legalized sexual minorities. Another law of the January 4, 1935 created a system of state shelters for proletarian children. In these shelter The soldiers of the Revolution educated.
Differences in World Politics from the OTL
The main difference from the real story was the strengthening of militarization in the UK and France. Also England that feelt a much larger threat to itself from the Trotskyist SUSA, was ready to give everything Hitler wanted in Central Europe. Therefore, the "Munich Agreement" was much more quickly and smoothly, Adolf also did not have to promise that it would be his last requirement.
In the Soviet Union there were even more massive repression because of the SUSA security services working in the USSR. The number of shooted for Political Affairs has exceeded 700 000, even more than in the OTL were prisoners in the GULAG.
Japan Guide was not a alarmed by the militarization of the Socialist United States of America. But 1935 was fatally for Japan. All the trade between Japan and the SUSA was discontinued and became punishable by death. After that to the Imperial Navy, which demanded a lot of fuel, could cease to exist. Even joining the Axis in the April 1936 wasn able only to delay the inevitable. In such circumstances, the Japanese General Staff immediately began to develop an operation of attack on the British and American territory in the Pacific Ocean.
The Spanish Civil War was very different from that of the real story.