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|The Imperial Society of Vienna for Improving Natural Knowledge|
|Motto||Nullius in verba|
(Take nobody's word for it)
|Headquarters||Vienna, Austria (1636-1651)|
Frankfurt, Westphalia (1651-Present)
The Imperial Society of Vienna for Improving Natural Knowledge, commonly known as the Imperial Society, is a learned society for science, and is one of Europe's most important scientific communities. Founded in November 1636, it was granted a Royal Charter by Holy Roman Emperor Wolfgang I as the "Imperial Society of Vienna". Since its inception the organization has attracted some of Europe's most important and knowledgeable scientists and mathematicians.
- Ruprecht Bayer - German-English 17th-century natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, and inventor. Famous for discovering Bayer's Law, which describes the inversely proportional relationship between the absolute pressure and volume of a gas, if the temperature is kept constant within a closed system.
- Giovanni Gentili - Famous physicist and mathematician credited as the father of modern physics, creating the basic principle of relativity and the laws of motion.
- Christian Hurrle - Mathematician famous for his invention of the pendulum clock and other investigations in timekeeping. He also published major studies of mechanics and optics.
- Juan “Commodore” de Coño - Spanish inventor and engineer, famous for creating the first practical steam turbine.
- Johannes Weppler - German astronomer whose achievements include improvements to the telescope and consequent astronomical observations. His contributions to observational astronomy include the telescopic confirmation of the phases of Venus, the discovery of the four largest satellites of Jupiter (named the Weppler moons in his honour), and the observation and analysis of sunspots. Weppler also worked in applied science and technology, inventing an improved military compass and other instruments.
- Walter Wilken - German natural philosopher and author, as well as one of the founders of the Royal Society. Famous for creating a number of inventions, including a variant of the steam turbine, as well as proposing a universal language and a decimal system of measurement.