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Illyria (Serbo-Croatian-Bosnian and Slovene: Ilirija, Илирија; German: Illyrien; Hungarian: Illyria; Italian and Romanian: Iliria; Latin: Illyria; Esperanto: Esperanto: Ilirio or Ilirujo), is a federal state of Austria-Hungary. It is bordered by Serbia and the states of Istria, Slovenia, Hungary, and Transylvania.
Illyria is parliamentary representative democratic state, with a Minister-President as the head of government, and a State Governor (Ban). According to the Constitution the State is organized as follows:
- The State Governor (Ban), who is the head of the state and imperial representative, is appointed for a six year term by the Emperor-King, on advice and consultation of the Minister-President. The Governor promulgates all laws approved by National Parliament before they can come into effect; can veto or ask for reconsideration of a bill (a veto can be overrun by two thirds majority vote of the Diet), promulgating laws by decree, which are proposed by the government alone, can dissolve and call for immediate elections of the Diet on a proposal of the Minister-President, appoints all high functionaries, judges and chiefs of police force, as stated by law, and grants pardons and commutations.
- The State Government consists of the Minister-President and the State Council. The Minister-President is appointed by the State Governor, from the leader of the party or coalition with majority in the National Assembly. The rest of the State Council is appointed by the Governor on recommendation of the Minister-President.
- The bicameral National Parliament is the supreme legislative and constituent body of the State. The Senate and National Assembly are elected by universal suffrage using a proportional representation system for a five-year term, unless previously dissolved by the Governor. As any parliamentary state the National Assembly can censure and remove the Minister-President and State Council.
- The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The Supreme State Court and Constitutional Court are nominated by the State Governor, on a list proposed by the National Parliament.
In Illyria, every major ethnic group was represented by its political party and in some cases following the right-center-left division. Although universal suffrage as favored the formation of all sorts of electoral and governmental coalitions or agreements that in most cases as blurred the ethnic division.
The main parties are:
- The Serbian People's Radical Party (Serbian: Српска народна радикална странка, Srpska narodna radikalna stranka SNRS) is an ethnic Serb political party. It was a sister party of the People's Radical Party of Serbia until was forced to cut all formal links with Serbia.
- The Party of Rights (Croatian: Stranka prava SP), is an influential secular conservative and nationalist Croatian political party. The right or rights in the party's name refer to the idea of Croatian national and ethnic rights, which was central to the party's ideology. Its best known former faction was the Pure Party of Rights (Croatian: Čista stranka prava)
- Illyrian People’s Union (INZ), the former Croat People's Union (Croatian: Hrvatska narodna zajednica, HNZ) a conservative that was a Bosnian Croat political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The HNZ was founded intentionally as the political and cultural rival of the Party of Rights.The HNZ is also more secular than its rival due to interest in uniting all Serbs, Croats and Bosniaks of the former Bosnia and Herzegovina. On the creation of the State of Illyria in changed to its present name and voted a new party program that seeks to unite and represent all people in a secular, federal state under a common Illyrian identity.
- Croatian Peasant Party (Croatian: Hrvatska seljačka stranka, HSS) is a centrist, agrarian and socially conservative political party operating and dominant in the Croatian-Slovenian region.
- Croat-Serb Coalition (Croatian-Serbian: Hrvatsko-srpska koalicija, Хрватско-српска коалиција HSK). It represents the political idea of a cooperation of Croats and Serbs in Austria-Hungary for mutual benefit. Its main electoral strength comes from the Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia-Slovenia and Vojvodina regions.
- The Autonomist Party (Italian: Partito Autonomista; Serbo-Croatian: 'Autonomaška stranka', Aутономашка Странка PA) is a Dalmatianist political party in the Dalmatian political scene.
- Illyrian Muslim Organization (Bosnian: Ilirska Muslimanska Organizacija IMO) is a Bosniak political party. The party is a successor of Muslimanska Narodna Organizacija (Muslim National Organization), a conservative Bosniak party during the Austro-Hungarian era.
- Muslim Progressive Party (Bosnian: Muslimanska napredna stranka MNS), the left-wing rival of the IMO.
- Illyrian Democratic Party (Ilirska demokratska stranka IDS) is a national liberal political party, founded from the merge of similar parties in Croatia-Slovenia, Dalmatia and Istria.
- Illyrian Social-Democratic Party (Ilirska Socijaldemokratska stranka ISDS) is social democrat political party in Croatia-Slovenia and Istria.
- Communist Party of Illyria (Komunistička partija Ilirije KPI)
Administrative divisionBetween 1920-1922 Illyria was divided according to the units of the former territories of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, Kingdom of Dalmatia, Vojvodina, and Bosnia-Herzegovina.
In 1922 the Law on the Administrative Units and Local Government established the division in krajina (regions), oblast (provinces), okrugs (districts), and communes.
The four krajina are the former historical regions of:
- Croatia-Slavonia (Capital Zagreb). The main language is Serb-Croat-Bosnian, with the counties of:
- Bjelovar-Križevci (Bjelovr)
- Lika-Krbava (Gospić)
- Modruš-Rijeka (Ogulin)
- Požega (Požega)
- Syrmia (Vukovar)
- Varaždin (Varaždin)
- Virovitica (Osijek)
- Zagreb (Zagreb)
- Dalmatia (Capital Zadar). The main languages are Serb-Croat-Bosnian and Italian, with the counties of:
- Zadar (Zadar)
- Šibenik-Knin (Šibenik)
- Split-Dalmatia (Split)
- Dubrovnik–Neretva (Dubrovnik)
- Vojvodina (Capital Novi Sad). The main languages are Serb-Croat-Bosnian, Hungarian, Romanian and German, with the counties of:
- Central Banat (Zrenjanin)
- North Bačka (Subotica)
- North Banat (Kikinda)
- South Bačka (Novi Sad)
- West Bačka (Sombor)
- Bosnia-Herzegovina (Capital Sarajevo). The main language is Serb-Croat-Bosnian, with the counties of:
- Banja Luka (Banja Luka)
- Bihać (Bihać)
- Mostar (Mostar)
- Sarajevo (Sarajevo)
- Travnik (Travnik)
- Tuzla (Tuzia)