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An ideology is a group or set of beliefs that define a person or group's goals, and lead to their consequent actions.
The most common studies of ideology are political ideology, which deals with different forms of government, nationalism vs internationalism, and the relations between nations and economic ideology, which deals with the pros and cons of capitalism, socialism, and communism.
Political ideology and economic ideology are the most commonly utilized applications of this sociological science, and the current stand-off between the Second International alliances (Montreal and Warsaw Pacts) and the conservative Non-Aligned Movement and Nationalist Union, places increased emphasis on the ideological warfare.
Political ideology is normally considered to be the basic beliefs of a political party, or in a communist state, of the enitre state. These ideologies explain how societies are to work and function.
Typically, a political ideology encompasses an economic ideology, belief in a certain form of government, and a stance on nationalism vs internationalism.
Form of Government
While, in theory, there are many forms of government, in reailty there are only a few different type of government. The primary forms of government seen in the modern world are:
Nationalism vs Internationalism
Another type of political ideology is displayed in the consistant conflict between nationalists and internationalists. The nationalists tend to believe in the superiority of their nation, while internationalists tend to believe in the importance of a highly powerful international government, like the Second International.
Nationalism ideology involves allegiance to the state, following a traditional cultural heritage, maintaining traditional territorial and stringent defense of sovereignty of whole the nation.
Internationalism ideology advocates international brotherhood, scientific technological cooperation and cultural exchanges, and greater economic and political cooperation among nations for the benefit of all.
These are Capitalism, Socialism, and Communism.
See Main Article: Capitalism
Capitalism is a political ideology, roughly followed by most nationalist states. Capitalism expounds the importance of all means of trade and industry to be controlled by private investors and owners, with little to no government interference.
See Main Article: Socialism
See Main Article: Communism
The use of propaganda to promote ideas or ideology that is supported by the state dates back to the 1600s, when Pope Gregory XV attempted to convince large numbers of people ot accept the accuracy of the new church doctrine.
In a modern sense, the use of propaganda began extensively during the Great War, when national governments and organizations that supported the ideology of the state began to extensively publish materials for reading.
The act of distributing propaganda is can be called propagating, but is often (and more negatively) often called indoctrinating.