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Ideology is a set of ideas and that show a groups goals, actions and expectations. It can be a comprehensive vision of the past and future, or a guiding principle(s) that dominate the groups general outlook and actions on life.
Main article: Communism
Communism, also known as Marxism and sometimes "Communalism," is an ideology where the government should control the major means of production and civilian welfare. However, unlike their offshoot Socialism, Marxism does have major ties to religion, especially Christianity. This is because Karl Marx, when he developed the idea, saw tenets of Protestantism and Roman Catholicism as supporting Communism, and made Marxism more acceptable to both the Church and Conservative members of society. The only official Communist government in the world is China, though with the Christian ideas being replaced with Confucian ones.
Main Article: National Socialism
National Socialism, commonly abbreviated as Natso, is an extreme left wing idea that takes the ideas of Nationalism and blends it with both Communism and Socialism. This hybridization uses the ideas of the nation, often times with extreme racism and complete control of the economy and its people and resources to further the goals of the states. While popular in the 1920s and 1930s, the defeat of the National Socialist Alliance, and the revelation of the horrors of the genocide some nations engaged in, resulted in the discrediting of National Socialism as a form of government. In the 1930s, nations that had Natso Governments included Argentina, Germany, Confederate States of America, Great Britain, Ontario in the Canadian Civil War and one of three factions in China during its civil war.
Socialism is a left-wing ideology where the government should control some, if not all, of the means of production and civilian welfare, while maintaining a democratic government. Some of the most notable nations with strong Socialist backgrounds include Russia, the United States, Assiniboia and Scandinavian Union. Socialism was created by Fredrick Engels, an avowed Atheist, to serve as different form of Communism as created by Marx. Religion was a major sticking point between the two ideas, and it's reflected in the lack of religious ideas espoused in Socialism, and which makes it more acceptable in more secular nations.
Main article: Sorelism
Sorelism is classified as a right wing political ideology that focuses on a strong central government to dominate the nation, and subscribes to nationalism and some economic centralization to further its goals. Named after Georges Sorel, a late 19th/early 20th century writer and political activist, the primary Sorelist nations are France and its allies in Latin America, Africa and Europe, and to some extent Japan.