Spoken in Iceland
Ethnicity Icelanders
Native speakers 4,800,000  (2016)
Language family
  • Germanic
    • North Germanic
      • Insular Scandinavian
        • Icelandic
Writing system Latin script (Icelandic alphabet)
Icelandic Braille
Official status
Official language in Flag of Icelandic MSE (IM) Icelandic MSE
Flag of the Shugarhai Union Shugarhai Union
Regulated by No official regulation
Language codes
ISO 639-1 is
ISO 639-2 ice (B)
isl (T)
ISO 639-3 isl
Linguasphere 52-AAA-aa

Icelandic (íslenska) is a North Germanic language, the language of Iceland. It is an Indo-European language belonging to the North Germanic or Nordic branch of the Germanic languages. Historically, it was the westernmost of the Indo-European languages prior to the colonisation of the Americas. Icelandic, Faroese, Norn, and Western Norwegian formerly constituted West Nordic; Danish, Eastern Norwegian and Swedish constituted East Nordic. Modern Norwegian Bokmål is influenced by both groups, leading the Nordic languages to be divided into mainland Scandinavian languages and Insular Nordic (including Icelandic).